Updated till Feb, 2017
The Representation Of The People Act, 1950 An Act to provide the allocation of seats in and the delimitation of constituencies for the purpose of election to, the House of the People and the Legislatures of States, the qualifications of voters at such elections, the preparation of electoral rolls, the manner of filling seats in the Council of States to be filled by representatives of Union territories, and matters connected therewith.
BE it enacted by Parliament as follows:

Part I - Preliminary

1. Short title.—

This Act may be called the Representation of the People Act, 1950.

2. Definitions.—

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,— (a) “article” means an article of the Constitution; (b) “Assembly constituency” means a constituency provided by law for the purpose of elections to the Legislative Assembly of a State; (c) “Council constituency” means a constituency provided by law for the purpose of elections to the Legislative Council of a State; (d) “Election Commission” means the Election Commission appointed by the President under article 324; (e) “order” means an order published in the Official Gazette; (f) “parliamentary constituency” means a constituency provided by law for the purpose of elections to the House of the People; (g) “person” does not include a body of persons; (h) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (i) “State” includes a Union territory; (j) “State Government”, in relation to a Union territory, means the administrator thereof.

Part II - Allocation of seats and delimitation of constituencies

3. Allocation of seats in the House of the People.—

The allocation of seats to the States in the House of the People and the number of seats, if any, to be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and for the Scheduled Tribes of each State shall be shown in the First Schedule.

3A. Reservation of Seats in the House of People for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in certain Part C States.—

Repealed

4. Filling of seats in the House of the People and parliamentary constituencies. —

(1) *** (2) All the seats in the House of the People allotted to the States under section 3 shall be seats to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from parliamentary constituencies in the States. (3) Every parliamentary constituency referred to in sub-section (2) shall be a single-member constituency. (4) Every State to which only one seat is allotted under section 3 shall form one parliamentary constituency. (5) Save as provided in sub-section (4), the extent of all parliamentary constituencies except the parliamentary constituencies in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Manipur and Nagaland shall be as determined by the orders of the Delimitation Commission made under the provisions of the Delimitation Act, 2002 (33 of 2002) and the extent of the parliamentary constituencies in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Manipur and Nagaland shall be as provided for in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008 having regard to the provisions of sections 10A and 10B of the Delimitation Act, 2002.

5. Parliamentary constituencies.—

Repealed

6. Delimitation of parliamentary constituencies.—

Repealed

7. Total number of seats in Legislative Assemblies and assembly constituencies. —

(1) Subject to the provisions of [sub-sections (1A), (1B) and (1C), the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of each State specified in the Second Schedule, to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from assembly constituencies, and the number of seats, if any, to be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and for the Scheduled Tribes of the State, shall be as shown in that Schedule: Provided that for the period referred to in clause (2) of article 371A, the total number of seats allotted to the Legislative Assembly of the State of Nagaland shall be fifty-two, of which— (a) twelve seats shall be allocated to the Tuensang district and shall be filled by persons chosen by the members of the regional council, referred to in that article, from amongst themselves in such manner as the Governor, after consulting that Council may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, and (b) the remaining forty seats shall be filled by persons chosen by direct election from assembly constituencies in the rest of the State. (1A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Sikkim, to be constituted at any time after the commencement of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1980 (8 of 1980), to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from assembly constituencies shall be thirty-two, of which— (a) twelve seats shall be reserved for Sikkimese of Bhutia Lepcha origin; (b) two seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes of the State; and (c) one seat shall be reserved for the Sanghas referred to in section 25A. Explanation .— In this sub-section “Bhutia” includes Chumbipa, Dopthapa, Dukpa, Kagatey, Sherpa, Tibetan, Tromopa and Yolmo. (1B) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), in the Legislative Assemblies of the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland, to be constituted at any time after the commencement of the Representation of the People (Third Amendment) Act, 1987 (40 of 1987),— (a) fifty-nine seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Arunachal Pradesh ; (b) fifty-five seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya ; (c) thirty-nine seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Mizoram ; and (d) fifty-nine seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Nagaland . (1C) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), twenty seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Tripura to be constituted at any time after the commencement of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1992 (38 of 1992). (2) Every Assembly constituency referred to in sub-section (1) or sub-section (1A) shall be a single-member constituency. (3) The extent of each assembly constituency in all the States and Union Territories except the assembly constituencies in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Manipur and Nagaland shall be as determined by the orders of the Delimitation Commission made under the provisions of the Delimitation Act, 2002 (33 of 2002) and the extent of each assembly constituency in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Manipur and Nagaland shall be as provided for in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008 having regard to the provisions of sections 10A and 10B of the Delimitation Act, 2002.

7A. Total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of Sikkim and Assembly constituencies.—

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 7, in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Sikkim deemed under the Constitution (Thirty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1975 to be the Legislative Assembly of that State duly constituted, the total number of seats to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from assembly constituencies shall be 32. (2) Every Assembly constituency referred to in sub-section (1) shall be a single-member constituency. (3) In the Legislative Assembly so deemed to be duly constituted, the extent of each constituency and the reservation of seats shall be as provided for immediately before the commencement of the Constitution (Thirty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1975.

8. Consolidation of delimitation orders. —

(1) Having regard to all the orders referred to in sub-section (5) of section 4 and sub-section (3) of section 7 relating to the delimitation of parliamentary and assembly constituencies in all States and Union Territories, except the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Manipur and Nagaland, made by the Delimitation Commission and published in the Official Gazette, the Election Commission shall— (a) after making such amendments as appear to it to be necessary for bringing up-to-date the description of the extent of the parliamentary and assembly constituencies as given in such orders, without, however, altering the extent of any such constituency; (b) after taking into account the provisions of the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1976, as made applicable pursuant to the orders made by the President under section 10A of the Delimitation Act, 2002 (33 of 2002) relating to delimitation of parliamentary and assembly constituencies in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur and Nagaland, and the provisions of section 10B of the said Act relating to delimitation of parliamentary and assembly constituencies in the State of Jharkhand, consolidate all such orders into one single order to be known as the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008 and shall send authentic copies of that Order to the Central Government and to the Government of each State having a Legislative Assembly; and thereupon that Order shall supersede all the orders referred to in sub-section (5) of section 4 and sub-­section (3) of section 7 and shall have the force of law and shall not be called in question in any court. (2) As soon as may be, after the said Order is received by the Central Government or by the Government of a State, that Government shall cause it to be laid before the House of the People or, as the case may be, the Legislative Assembly of the State. (3) The consolidation under sub-section (1) of the orders referred to in sub-section (5) of section 4, or as the case may be, sub-section (3) of section 7 shall not,as provided in sub-section (5) of section 10 of the Delimitation Act, 2002 (33 of 2002), affect the representation in, and the territorial constituencies of, the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of the State existing on the date of publication in the Gazette of India of any such order or orders as may be relevant.

8A. Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur or Nagaland. —

(1) If the President is satisfied that the situation and the conditions prevailing in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur or Nagaland are conducive for the conduct of delimitation exercise, he may, by order, rescind the deferment order issued under the provisions of section 10A of the Delimitation Act, 2002 (33 of 2002) in relation to that State, and provide for the conduct of delimitation exercise in the State by the Election Commission. (2) As soon as may be after the deferment order in respect of a State is rescinded under sub-section (1), the Election Commission may, by order, determine— (a) the parliamentary constituencies into which such State to which more than one seat is allotted in the First Schedule shall be divided; (b) the extent of each constituency; and (c) the number of seats, if any, reserved for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes. (3) As soon as may be after the deferment order in respect of a State is rescinded under sub-section (1), the Election Commission may, by order, determine— (a) the assembly constituencies into which such State shall be divided for the purpose of elections to the Legislative Assembly of that State; (b) the extent of each constituency; and (c) the number of seats, if any, reserved for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes. (4) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1), the Election Commission shall, having regard to the provisions of the Constitution and the principles specified in clauses (c) and (d) of sub-section (1) of section 9 of the Delimitation Act, 2002 (33 of 2002) determine the parliamentary and assembly constituencies in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur and Nagaland in which seats shall be reserved, if any, for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. (5) The Election Commission shall,— (a) publish its proposals under sub-sections (2), (3) and (4) with respect to any State in the Official Gazette and also in such other manner as it thinks fit; (b) specify a date on or after which the proposals will be further considered by it; (c) consider all objections and suggestions which may have been received by it before the date so specified; (d) hold, for the purpose of such consideration, if it thinks fit so to do, one or more public sittings at such place or places in such State as it thinks fit; (e) after considering all objections and suggestions which may have been received by it before the date so specified, determine, by order, the delimitation of parliamentary and assembly constituencies in the State and also the constituency or constituencies in which seats shall be reserved, if any, for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and cause such order to be published in the Official Gazette; and, upon such publication, the order shall have the force of law and shall not be called in question in any court and the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008 shall be deemed to have been amended accordingly. (6) Every order made under sub-sections (1) and (2) and clause (e) of sub-­section (5) shall be laid before each House of Parliament. (7) Every order made under sub-sections (1) and (3) and clause (e) of sub-­section (5) shall, as soon as may be after it is published under that sub-section, be laid before the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned.

9. Power of Election Commission to maintain Delimitation Order up-to-date. —

(1) The Election Commission may, from time to time, by notification published in the Gazette of India and in the Official Gazette of the State concerned,— (a) correct any printing mistake in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008 or any error arising therein from inadvertent slip or omission; (aa) make such amendments in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008 as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for consolidating with that Order any notification or order relating to delimitation of Parliamentary or assembly constituencies (including reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in such constituencies) issued under section 8A of this Act or any other Central Act; (b) where the boundaries or name of any district or any territorial division mentioned in the Order are or is altered, make such amendments as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for bringing the Order up-to-date. (2) Every notification under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is issued, before the House of the People and the Legislative Assembly to the State concerned. “(a) correct any printing mistake in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1966, or, as the case may be, the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1976 or any error arising therein from inadvertent slip or omission; (aa) make such amendments in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1976 as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for consolidating with that Order any notification or order relating to delimitation of Parliamentary or assembly constituencies (including reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in such constituencies) issued under any Central Act;”

9A. Repealed

9B. Repealed

10. Allocation of seats in the Legislative Councils.—

(1) The allocation of seats in the Legislative Councils of the States having such Councils shall be as shown in the Third Schedule. (2) In the Legislative Council of each State specified in the first column of the Third Schedule, there shall be the number of seats specified in the second column thereof opposite to that State, and of those seats,— (a) the numbers specified in the third, fourth and fifth columns shall be the numbers of seats to be filled by persons elected, respectively, by the electorates referred to in sub-clauses (a), (b) and (c) of clause (3) of article 171; (b) the number specified in the sixth column shall be the number of seats to be filled by persons elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly of the State from amongst persons who are not members of that Assembly; and (c) the number specified in the seventh column shall be the number of seats to be filled by persons nominated by the Governor of the State in accordance with the provisions of clause (5) of article 171.

11. Delimitation of Council constituencies.—

As soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, the President shall, by order, determine— (a) the constituencies into which each State having a Legislative Council shall be divided for the purpose of elections to that Council under each of the sub-clauses (a), (b) and (c) of clause (3) of article 171; (b) the extent of each constituency; and (c) the number of seats allotted to each constituency.

12. Power to alter or amend orders.—

(1) The President may, from time to time, after consulting the Election Commission, by order, alter or amend any order made by him under section 11. (2) An order under sub-section (1) may contain provisions for the allocation of any member representing any Council constituency immediately before the making of the order to any constituency delimited a new or altered by the order and for such other incidental and consequential matters as the President may deem necessary.

13. Procedure as to orders delimiting constituencies.—

(1) *** (2) *** (3) Every order made under section 11 or section 12 shall be laid before Parliament as soon as may be after it is made, and shall be subject to such modifications as Parliament may make on a motion made within twenty days from the date on which the order is so laid.

Part IIA - Officers

13A. Chief electoral officers.—

(1) There shall be for each State a chief electoral officer who shall be such officer of Government as the Election Commission may, in consultation with that Government, designate or nominate in this behalf. (2) Subject to the superintendence, direction and control of the Election Commission, the chief electoral officer shall supervise the preparation, revision and correction of all electoral rolls in the State under this Act.

13AA. District election officers.—

(1) For each district in a State, the Election Commission shall, in consultation with the Government of the State, designate or nominate a district election officer who shall be an officer of Government: Provided that the Election Commission may designate or nominate more than one such officer for a district if the Election Commission is satisfied that the functions of the office cannot be performed satisfactorily by one officer. (2) Where more than one district election officer are designated or nominated for a district under the proviso to sub-section (1), the Election Commission shall in the order designating or nominating the district election officers also specify the area in respect of which each such officer shall exercise jurisdiction. (3) Subject to the superintendence, direction and control of the chief electoral officer, the district election officer shall co-ordinate and supervise all work in the district or in the area within his jurisdiction in connection with the preparation and revision of the electoral rolls for all parliamentary, assembly and council constituencies within the district. (4) The district election officer shall also perform such other functions as may be entrusted to him by the Election Commission and the chief electoral officer.

13B. Electoral registration officers.—

(1) The electoral roll for each parliamentary constituency in the State of Jammu and Kashmir or in a Union territory not having a Legislative Assembly shall be prepared and revised by an electoral registration officer who shall be such officer of Government or of a local authority as the Election Commission may, in consultation with the Government of the State in which the constituency is situated, designate or nominate in this behalf. (2) An electoral registration officer may, subject to any prescribed restrictions, employ such persons as he thinks fit for the preparation and revision of the electoral roll for the constituency.

13C. Assistant electoral registration officers.—

(1) The Election Commission may appoint one or more persons as assistant electoral registration officers to assist any electoral registration officer in the performance of his functions. (2) Every assistant electoral registration officer shall, subject to the control of the electoral registration officer, be competent to perform all or any of the functions of the electoral registration officer.

13CC. Chief Electoral Officers, District Election Officers, etc., deemed to be on deputation to Election Commission.—

The officers referred to in this Part and any other officer or staff employed in connection with the preparation, revision and correction of the electoral rolls for, and the conduct of, all elections shall be deemed to be on deputation to the Election Commission for the period during which they are so employed and such officers and staff shall, during that period, be subject to the control, superintendence and discipline of the Election Commission.

Part IIB - Electoral rolls for parliamentary constituencies

13D. Electoral rolls for parliamentary constituencies.—

(1) The electoral roll for every parliamentary constituency, other than a parliamentary constituency in the State of Jammu and Kashmir or in a Union territory not having a Legislative Assembly, shall consist of the electoral rolls for all the assembly constituencies comprised within that parliamentary constituency; and it shall not be necessary to prepare or revise separately the electoral roll for any such parliamentary constituency: Provided that for the period referred to in clause (2) of article 371A, it shall be necessary to prepare and revise separately the electoral roll for that part of the parliamentary constituency of Nagaland which comprises the Tuensang district and the provisions of Part III shall apply in relation to the preparation and revision of the electoral roll of the said part as they apply in relation to an assembly constituency. (2) The provisions of Part III shall apply in relation to every parliamentary constituency in the State of Jammu and Kashmir or in a Union territory not having a Legislative Assembly as they apply in relation to an assembly constituency.

Part III - Electoral rolls for assembly constituencies

14. Definitions.—

In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires,— (a) “constituency” means an Assembly constituency (b) “qualifying date”, in relation to the preparation or revision of every electoral roll under this Part, means the 1st day of January of the year in which it is so prepared or revised: Provided that “qualifying date”, in relation to the preparation or revision of every electoral roll under this Part in the year 1989, shall be the 1st day of April, 1989.

15. Electoral roll for every constituency.—

For every constituency there shall be an electoral roll which shall be prepared in accordance with the provisions of this Act under the superintendence, direction and control of the Election Commission.

16. Disqualifications for registration in an electoral roll.—

(1) A person shall be disqualified for registration in an electoral roll if he— (a) is not a citizen of India; or (b) is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court; or (c) is for the time being disqualified from voting under the provisions of any law relating to corrupt practices and other offenses in connection with elections. (2) The name of any person who becomes so disqualified after registration shall forthwith be struck off the electoral roll in which it is included: Provided that the name of any person struck off the electoral roll of a constituency by reason of a disqualification under clause (c) of sub-section (1) shall forthwith be reinstated in that roll if such disqualification is, during the period such roll is in force, removed under any law authorizing such removal.

17. No person to be registered in more than one constituency.—

No person shall be entitled to be registered in the electoral roll for more than one constituency.

18. No person to be registered more than once in any constituency.—

No person shall be entitled to be registered in the electoral roll for any constituency more than once.

19. Conditions of registration.—

Subject to the foregoing provisions of this Part, every person who— (a) is not less than eighteen years of age on the qualifying date, and (b) is ordinarily resident in a constituency, shall be entitled to be registered in the electoral roll for that constituency.

20. Meaning of “ordinarily resident”.—

(1) A person shall not be deemed to be ordinarily resident in a constituency on the ground only that he owns, or is in possession of, a dwelling house therein. (1A) A person absenting himself temporarily from his place of ordinary residence shall not by reason thereof cease to be ordinarily resident therein. (1B) A member of Parliament or of the Legislature of a State shall not during the term of his office cease to be ordinarily resident in the constituency in the electoral roll of which he is registered as an elector at the time of his election as such member, by reason of his absence from that constituency in connection with his duties as such member. (2) A person who is a patient in any establishment maintained wholly or mainly for the reception and treatment of persons suffering from mental illness or mental defectiveness, or who is detained in prison or other legal custody at any place, shall not by reason thereof be deemed to be ordinarily resident therein. (3) Any person having a service qualification shall be deemed to be ordinarily resident on any date in the constituency in which, but for his having such service qualification, he would have been ordinarily resident on that date. (4) Any person holding any office in India declared by the President in consultation with the Election Commission to be an office to which the provisions of this sub-section apply, shall be deemed to be ordinarily resident on any date in the constituency in which, but for the holding of any such office he would have been ordinarily resident on that date. (5) The statement of any such person as is referred to in sub-section (3) or sub-section (4) made in the prescribed form and verified in the prescribed manner, that but for his having the service qualification or but for his holding any such office as is referred to in sub-section (4) he would have been ordinarily resident in a specified place on any date, shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be accepted as correct. (6) The wife of any such person as is referred to in sub-section (3) or sub-section (4) shall if she be ordinarily residing with such person be deemed to be ordinarily resident on in the constituency specified by such person under sub-section (5). (7) If in any case a question arises as to where a person is ordinarily resident at any relevant time, the question shall be determined with reference to all the facts of the case and to such rules as may be made in this behalf by the Central Government in consultation with the Election Commission. (8) In sub-sections (3) and (5) “service qualification” means— (a) being a member of the armed forces of the Union; or (b) being a member of a force to which the provisions of the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950), have been made applicable whether with or without modifications; or (c) being a member of an armed police force of a State, who is serving outside that State; or (d) being a person who is employed under the Government of India, in a post outside India.

20A. Special provisions for citizens of India residing outside India. —

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, every citizen of India,— (a) whose name is not included in the electoral roll; (b) who has not acquired the citizenship of any other country; and (c) who is absenting from his place of ordinary residence in India owing to his employment, education or otherwise outside India (whether temporarily or not), shall be entitled to have his name registered in the electoral roll in the constituency in which his place of residence in India as mentioned in his passport is located. (2) The time within which the name of persons referred to in sub-section (1) shall be registered in the electoral roll and the manner and procedure for registering of a person in the electoral roll under sub-section (1) shall be such as may be prescribed. (3) Every person registered under this section shall, if otherwise eligible to exercise his franchise, be allowed to vote at an election in the constituency.

21. Preparation and revision of electoral rolls.—

(1) The electoral roll for each constituency shall be prepared in the prescribed manner by reference to the qualifying date and shall come into force immediately upon its final publication in accordance with the rules made under this Act. (2) The said electoral roll— (a) shall, unless otherwise directed by the Election Commission for reasons to be recorded in writing, be revised in the prescribed manner by reference to the qualifying date— (i) before each general election to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of a State; and (ii) before each bye-election to fill a casual vacancy in a seat allotted to the constituency; and (b) shall be revised in any year in the prescribed manner by reference to the qualifying date if such revision has been directed by the Election Commission: Provided that if the electoral roll is not revised as aforesaid, the validity or continued operation of the said electoral roll shall not thereby be affected. (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2), the Election Commission may at any time, for reasons to be recorded, direct a special revision of the electoral roll for any constituency or part of a constituency in such manner as it may think fit: Provided that subject to the other provisions of this Act, the electoral roll for the constituency, as in force at the time of the issue of any such direction, shall continue to be in force until the completion of the special revision so directed.

22. Correction of entries in electoral rolls.—

If the electoral registration officer for a constituency, on application made to him or on his own motion, is satisfied after such inquiry as he thinks fit, that any entry in the electoral roll of the constituency— (a) is erroneous or defective in any particular, (b) should be transposed to another place in the roll on the ground that the person concerned has changed his place of ordinary residence within the constituency, or (c) should be detected on the ground that the person concerned is dead or has ceased to be ordinarily resident in the constituency or is otherwise not entitled to be registered in that roll, the electoral registration officer shall, subject to such general or special direction, if any, as may be given by the Election Commission in this behalf, amend, transpose or delete the entry after proper verification of facts in such manner as may be prescribed: Provided that before taking any action on any ground under clause (a) or clause (b) or any action under clause (c) on the ground that the person concerned has ceased to be ordinarily resident in the constituency or that he is otherwise not entitled to be registered in the electoral roll of that constituency, the electoral registration officer shall give the person concerned a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of the action proposed to be taken in relation to him after proper verification of facts in such manner as may be prescribed.

23. Inclusion of names in electoral rolls. —

(1) Any person whose name is not included in the electoral roll of a constituency may apply to the electoral registration officer for the inclusion of his name in that roll. (2) The electoral registration officer shall, if satisfied that the applicant is entitled to be registered in the electoral roll, direct his name to be included therein after proper verification of facts in such manner as may be prescribed: Provided that if the applicant is registered in the electoral roll of any other constituency, the electoral registration officer shall inform the electoral registration officer of that other constituency and that officer shall, on receipt of the information, strike off the applicant's name from that roll after proper verification of facts in such manner as may be prescribed. (3) No amendment, transposition or deletion of any entry shall be made under section 22 and no direction for the inclusion of a name in the electoral roll of a constituency shall be given under this section, after the last date for making nominations for an election in that constituency or in the parliamentary constituency within which that constituency is comprised and before the completion of that election.

24. Appeals.—

An appeal shall lie within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed.-- (a) to the magistrate or additional district magistrate or executive magistrate or district collector or an officer of equivalent rank, from any order of the electoral registration officer under section 22 or section 23 (b) to the chief electoral officer, from any order of the district magistrate or the additional district magistrate under clause (a).

25. Fee for applications and appeals.—

Every application under section 22 or section 23 and every appeal under section 24 shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee which shall, in no case, be refunded.

25A. Conditions of registration as elector in Sangha constituency in Sikkim.—

Notwithstanding anything contained in sections 15 and 19, for the Sangha constituency in the State of Sikkim, only the Sanghas belonging to monasteries, recognised for the purpose of the elections held in Sikkim in April, 1974, for forming the Assembly for Sikkim, shall be entitled to be registered in the electoral roll, and the said electoral roll shall, subject to the provisions of sections 21 to 25, be prepared or revised in such manner as may be directed by the Election Commission, in consultation with the Government of Sikkim.

Part IV - Electoral rolls for council constituencies

26. Preparation of electoral rolls for Assembly constituencies.—

Repealed.

27. Preparation of electoral roll for Council constituencies.—

(1) In this section, “local authorities’ constituency”, “graduates’ constituency” and “teachers’ constituency” mean a constituency for the purpose of elections to a Legislative Council under sub-clause (a), sub-clause (b) and sub-clause (c), respectively, of clause (3) of article 171. (2) For the purpose of elections to the Legislative Council of a State in any local authorities’ constituency— (a) the electorate shall consist of members of such local authorities exercising jurisdiction in any place or area within the limits of that constituency as are specified in relation to that State in the Fourth Schedule; (b) every member of each such local authority within a local authorities’ constituency shall be entitled to be registered in the electoral roll for that constituency; (c) the electoral registration officer for every local authorities’ constituency shall maintain in his office in the prescribed manner and form the electoral roll for that constituency corrected up-to-date; (d) in order to enable the electoral registration officer to maintain the electoral roll corrected up-to-date, the chief executive officer of every local authority (by whatever designation such officer may be known) shall immediately inform the electoral registration officer about every change in the membership of that local authority; and the electoral registration officer shall, on receipt of the information, strike off from the electoral roll the names of persons who have ceased to be, and include therein the names of persons who have become, members of that local authority; and (e) the provisions of sections 15, 16, 18, 22 and 23 shall apply in relation to local authorities’ constituencies as they apply in relation to assembly constituencies. (3) For the purpose of elections to the Legislative Council of a State in the graduates’ constituencies and the teachers’ constituencies, the State Government concerned may, with the concurrence of the Election Commission, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify— (a) the qualifications which shall be deemed to be equivalent to that of a graduate of a university in the territory of India, and (b) the educational institutions within the State not lower in standard than that of a secondary school. (4) The provisions of sections 15, 16, 18, 21, 22 and 23 shall apply in relation to graduates’ constituencies and teachers’ constituencies as they apply in relation to assembly constituencies. (5) Subject to the foregoing provisions of this section,— (a) every person who is ordinarily resident in a graduates’ constituency and has, for at least three years before the qualifying date, been either a graduate of a university in the territory of India or in possession of any of the qualifications specified under clause (a) of sub-section (3) by the State Government concerned, shall be entitled to be registered in the electoral roll for that constituency; and (b) every person who is ordinarily resident in a teachers’ constituency, and has, within the six years immediately before the qualifying date for a total period of at least three years, been engaged in teaching in any of the educational institutions specified under clause (b) of sub-section (3) by the State Government concerned, shall be entitled to be registered in the electoral roll for that constituency. (6) For the purposes of sub-sections (4) and (5) the qualifying date shall be the Ist day of November of the year in which the preparation or revision of the electoral roll is commenced.

Part IVA - Manner of filling seats in the council of states to be filled by representatives of Union territories

27A. Constitution of electoral colleges for the filling of seats in the Council of States allotted to Union territories.—

(1) For the purpose of filling any seat or seats in the Council of States allotted to any Union territory in the Fourth Schedule to the Constitution there shall be an electoral college for each such territory (2) *** (3) The electoral college for the Union territory of Delhi shall consist of the elected members of the Legislative Assembly constituted for that territory under the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991 (1 of 1992). (4)

1The. electoral college for the Union territory of Pondicherry shall consist of the elected members of the Legislative Assembly constituted for that territory under the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 (20 of 1963).

27B. Electoral college constituencies.—

Repealed

27C. Delimitation of electoral college constituencies.—

Repealed

27D. Power to alter or amend orders.—

Repealed

27E. Procedure as to orders delimiting constituencies.—

Repealed

27F. Electoral rolls for Council of States constituencies.—

Repealed

27G. Termination of membership of electoral college for certain disqualifications.—

If a person who is a member of an electoral college becomes subject to any disqualification for membership of Parliament under the provisions of any law relating to corrupt and illegal practices and other offences in connection with elections to Parliament, he shall thereupon cease to be such member of the electoral college.

27H. Manner of filling of seats in the Council of States allotted to Union territories.—

the seat or seats in the Council of States allotted to any Union territory in the Fourth Schedule to the Constitution shall be filled by a person or persons elected by the members of the electoral college for that territory in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote: Provided that the person who immediately before the commencement of the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, is filling the seat allotted to the Part C States of Manipur and Tripura shall, as from such commencement, be deemed to have been duly elected to fill the seat allotted to the Union territory of Tripura.

27I. Special provisions for the filling of the seats in the Council of States allotted to the States of Ajmer and Coorg and the States of Manipur and Tripura.—

Repealed

27J. Powers of electoral colleges to elect notwithstanding vacancies therein.—

No election by the members of an electoral college under this Act shall be called in question on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in the membership of such college.

27K. Electoral colleges for certain States for which Legislative Assemblies have been constituted.—

Repealed

Part V - General

28. Power to make rules. —

(1) The Central Government may, after consulting the Election Commission, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) the determination of ordinary residence under sub-section (7) of section 20; (aa) the particulars to be entered in the electoral rolls; (b) the preliminary publication of electoral rolls ***; (c) the manner in which and the time within which claims and objections as to entries in electoral rolls may be preferred; *** (e) the manner in which notices of claims or objections shall be published; (f) the place, date and time at which claims or objections shall be heard and the manner in which claims or objections shall be heard and disposed of; (g) the final publication of electoral rolls; (h) the revision and correction of electoral rolls and inclusion of names therein; (hh) the procedure for proper verification of facts for amending, transposing or deleting any entry in the electoral rolls, under section 22; (hhh) the procedure for proper verification of facts for inclusion of or striking off, names in the electoral rolls, under sub-section (2) of section 23;”. (i) any other matter required to be prescribed by this Act. (3) Every rule made by the Central Government under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.

29. Staff of local authorities to be made available.—

Every local authority in a State shall, when so requested by the chief electoral officer of the State, make available to any electoral registration officer such staff as may be necessary for the performance of any duties in connection with the preparation and revision of electoral rolls.

30. Jurisdiction of civil courts barred.—

No civil court shall have jurisdiction— (a) to entertain or adjudicate upon any question whether any person is or is not entitled to be registered in an electoral roll for a constituency; or (b) to question the legality of any action taken by or under the authority of an electoral registration officer, or of any decision given by any authority appointed under this Act for the revision of any such roll.

31. Making false declarations.—

If any person makes in connection with— (a) the preparation, revision or correction of an electoral roll, or (b) the inclusion or exclusion of any entry in or from an electoral roll, a statement or declaration in writing which is false and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

32. Breach of official duty in connection with the preparation, etc., of electoral rolls.—

(1) If any electoral registration officer, assistant electoral registration officer or other person required by or under this Act to perform any official duty in connection with preparation, revision or correction of an electoral roll or the inclusion or exclusion of any entry in or from that roll, is without reasonable cause, guilty of any act or omission in breach of such official duty, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to two years and with fine. (2) No suit or other legal proceeding shall lie against any such officer or other person for damages in respect of any such act or omission as aforesaid. (3) No court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under sub-section (1) unless there is a complaint made by order of, or under authority from, the Election Commission or the chief electoral officer of the State concerned.

The First Schedule

(See section 3) Allocation of Seats in the House of the People
Name of the State/Union territory Number of seats in the House as constituted in 2004 on the basis of the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1976 as amended from time to time Number of seats in the House as subsequently constituted as per the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008
Total Reserved for the Scheduled Castes Reserved for the Scheduled Tribes Total Reserved for the Scheduled Castes Reserved for the Scheduled Tribes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
I. STATES:
1 Andhra Pradesh 42 6 2 42 7 3
2 Arunachal Pradesh 2 .. .. 2 .. ..
3 Assam 14 1 2 14 1 2
4 Bihar 40 7 40 6 ..
5 Chhattisgarh 11 2 4 11 1 4
6 Goa 2 .. .. 2 .. ..
7 Gujarat 26 2 4 26 2 4
8 Haryana 10 2 .. 10 2 ..
9 Himachal Pradesh 4 1 .. 4 1 ..
10 Jammu and Kashmir 6 .. .. 6 ..
11 Jharkhand 14 1 5 14 1 5
12 Karnataka 28 4 .. 28 5 2
13 Kerala 20 2 .. 20 2 ..
14 Madhya Pradesh 29 4 5 29 4 6
15 Maharashtra 48 3 4 48 5 4
16 Manipur 0.2 .. 1 2 .. 1
17 Meghalaya 2 .. .. 2 .. 2
18 Mizoram 1 .. 1 1 .. 1
19 Nagaland 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
20 Orissa 21 3 5 21 3 5
21 Punjab 13 3 .. 13 4 ..
22 Rajasthan 25 4 3 25 4 3
23 Sikkim 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
24 Tamil Nadu 39 7 .. 39 7 ..
25 Tripura 2 .. 1 2 .. 1
26 Uttarakhand 5 .. .. 5 1 ..
27 Uttar Pradesh 80 18 .. 80 17 ..
28 West Bengal 42 8 2 42 10 2
II. UNION TERRITORIES:
I. Andaman and Nicobar
Islands 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
2 Chandigarh 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1 .. 1 1 .. 1
4 Delhi 7 1 .. 7 1 ..
5 Daman and Diu 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
6 Lakshadweep 1 .. 1 1 .. 1
7 Puducherry 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
Total: 543 79 41 543 84 47]

The Second Schedule

(See sections 7 and 7A) Total number of seats in the Legislative Assemblies
Name of the State/Union territory Number of seats in the House as constituted in 2004 on the basis of the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1976 as amended from time to time Number of seats in the House as subsequently constituted as per the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008
Total Reserved for the Scheduled Castes Reserved for the Scheduled Tribes Total Reserved for the Scheduled Castes Reserved for the Scheduled Tribes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
I. STATES:
1 Andhra Pradesh 42 6 2 42 7 3
2 Arunachal Pradesh 2 .. .. 2 .. ..
3 Assam 14 1 2 14 1 2
4 Bihar 40 7 40 6 ..
5 Chhattisgarh 11 2 4 11 1 4
6 Goa 2 .. .. 2 .. ..
7 Gujarat 26 2 4 26 2 4
8 Haryana 10 2 .. 10 2 ..
9 Himachal Pradesh 4 1 .. 4 1 ..
10 Jammu and Kashmir 6 .. .. 6 ..
11 Jharkhand 14 1 5 14 1 5
12 Karnataka 28 4 .. 28 5 2
13 Kerala 20 2 .. 20 2 ..
14 Madhya Pradesh 29 4 5 29 4 6
15 Maharashtra 48 3 4 48 5 4
16 Manipur 0.2 .. 1 2 .. 1
17 Meghalaya 2 .. .. 2 .. 2
18 Mizoram 1 .. 1 1 .. 1
19 Nagaland 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
20 Orissa 21 3 5 21 3 5
21 Punjab 13 3 .. 13 4 ..
22 Rajasthan 25 4 3 25 4 3
23 Sikkim 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
24 Tamil Nadu 39 7 .. 39 7 ..
25 Tripura 2 .. 1 2 .. 1
26 Uttarakhand 5 .. .. 5 1 ..
27 Uttar Pradesh 80 18 .. 80 17 ..
28 West Bengal 42 8 2 42 10 2
II. UNION TERRITORIES:
I. Andaman and Nicobar
Islands 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
2 Chandigarh 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1 .. 1 1 .. 1
4 Delhi 7 1 .. 7 1 ..
5 Daman and Diu 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
6 Lakshadweep 1 .. 1 1 .. 1
7 Puducherry 1 .. .. 1 .. ..
Total: 543 79 41 543 84 47]

The Third Schedule

(See section 10) Allocation of Seats in the Legislative Councils
Number to be elected or nominated under article 171(3)
Name of State Total Number of seats Sub-Clause(a) Sub-clause(b) Sub-clause(c) Sub-clause(d) Sub-clause(e)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 Andhra Pradesh 90 31 8 8 31 12
2 Bihar 96 34 8 8 34 12
3 Madhya Pradesh 90 31 8 8 31 12
5 Maharashtra 78 22 7 7 30 12
6 Karnataka 75 25 7 7 25 11
8 Uttar Pradesh 108 39 9 9 39 12

The Fourth Schedule

THE FOURTH SCHEDULE See section 27(2) Local Authorities for purposes of Elections to Legislative Councils ANDHRA PRADESH (1) Municipal Corporations. (2) Municipalties. (3) Nagar Panchayats. (4) Cantonment Boards. (5) Zila Praja Parishads. (6) Mandal Praja Parishads. BIHAR (1) Nagar Parishads. (2) Cantonment Boards. (3) Nagar Panchayats. (4) Zila Parishads. (5) Panchayat Samitis. (6) Nagar Nigams (Corporations). (7) Gram Panchayats. MADHYA PRADESH (1) Municipalities. (2) Janapada Sabhas. (3) Mandal Panchayats. (4) Cantonment Boards. (5) Notified Area Committees. (6) Town Area Committees. MAHARASHTRA (1) Municipalities. (2) Cantonment Boards. (4) Zila Parishad. KARNATAKA. (1) City Municipal Corporations. (2) City Municipal Councils. (3) Town Municipal Councils. (4) Town Panchayats. (5) Zilla Panchayats. (6) Taluk Panchayats. (7) Grama Panchayats. (8) Cantonment Boards. UTTAR PRADESH (1) Municipal Corporations. (2) Municipal Councils. (3) Zila Panchayats. (4) Nagar Panchayats. (5) Kshettra Panchayats. (6) Cantonment Boards.