The Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969 ACT NO. 55 OF 1969 [ 29th December, 1969.]
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twentieth Year of the Republic of India as follows:--
An Act to provide for the formation within the State of Assam of an autonomous State to be known as Meghalaya and for matters connected therewith. PART PRELIMINARY

Part I -

PRELIMINARY

1. Short title and commencement.

(1) This Act may be called the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969. (2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint: Provided that different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act.

2. Definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--

(a) " appointed day" means such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint for the formation of the autonomous State; (b) " article" means an article of the Constitution; (c) " autonomous State" means the autonomous State of Meghalaya formed under section 3; (d) " constituency" means a territorial constituency provided by order made under section 12 for the purpose of election to the Legislative Assembly; (e) " Election Commission" means the Election Commission appointed by the President under article 324; (f) " Governor" means the Governor of Assam exercising his functions as Governor in relation to Meghalaya by virtue of this Act; (g) " law" includes any enactment, ordinance, regulation, order, bye- law, rule, scheme, notification or other instrument, having immediately before the appointed day, the force of law in the whole or in any part of the autonomous State; (h) " Legislative Assembly" means the Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya; (i) " Meghalaya" means the autonomous State referred to in section 3; (j) " member" means a member of the Legislative Assembly; (k) " Official Gazette" means the Official Gazette of Meghalaya or the Gazette of India; and (l) " prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act. PART FORMATION OF THE AUTONOMOUS STATE OF MEGHALAYA

Part II -

FORMATION OF THE AUTONOMOUS STATE OF MEGHALAYA

3. Formation of Meghalaya.

(1) On and from the appointed day, there shall be formed within the State of Assam an autonomous State to be known as Meghalaya which shall, subject to the provisions of sub- section (2), comprise the following tribal areas, namely:-- (i) the United Khasi- Jaintia Hills District as described in sub- paragraph (2) of paragraph 20 of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution (exclusive of the proviso thereto) but excluding the areas transferred to the Mikir Hills autonomous district by the notification of the Government of Assam No. TAD R 31 50 149 dated the 13th April, 1951, and (ii) the Garo Hills District specified in Part A of the table appended to paragraph 20 aforesaid. (2) If, before such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, fix for the purpose not being a date later than the appointed day, the District Council for the autonomous district of the North Cachar Hills or the Mikir Hills or both, as the case may be, has or have by resolution passed by a majority of not less than two- thirds of the members thereof, expressed a desire that the said autonomous district or districts shall form part of Meghalaya, the President may, by order, make a declaration to that effect and accordingly, on and from the appointed day, the North Cachar Hills District or the Mikir Hills District or both, as the case may be, shall also form part of Meghalaya.

4. Executive power of Meghalaya.

(1) The executive power of Meghalaya shall be vested in the Governor and shall be exercised by him either directly or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with this Act. (2) Nothing in this section shall-- (a) be deemed to transfer to the Governor any functions conferred by any existing law on any other authority; or (b) prevent Parliament or the Legislature of the State of Assam or Meghalaya from conferring by law functions on any authority subordinate to the Governor.

5. Extent of executive power of Meghalaya.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the executive power of Meghalaya shall extend to the matters with respect to which the Legislature of Meghalaya has power to make laws: Provided that in any matter with respect to which the Legislature of Meghalaya, the Legislature of the State of Assam and Parliament have power to make laws, the executive power of Meghalaya shall be subject to, and limited by, the executive power expressly conferred by this Act or by any law made by Parliament upon the Union or the State of Assam or the authorities thereof or, as the case may be, by the Legislature of the State of Assam upon the State of Assam or authorities thereof. (2) On and from the appointed day, the executive power of the State of Assam shall not extend, in relation to Meghalaya, to the matters with respect to which the Legislature of Meghalaya has exclusive power to make laws under this Act. (3) For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that, save as otherwise provided in this Act, the executive power of the State of Assam shall, in relation to Meghalaya, continue to extend to the matters with respect to which the Legislature of Meghalaya has no power to make laws.

6. Council of Ministers.

(1) There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions in relation to Meghalaya. (2) The question whether any, and if so, what, advice was tendered by Ministers to the Governor shall not be inquired into in any court.

7. Other provisions as to Ministers.

(1) The Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister, and the Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor. (2) The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. (3) Before a Minister enters upon his office, the Governor shall administer to him the oaths of office and of secrecy according to the form set out for this purpose in the First Schedule. (4) A Minister who for any period of six consecutive months is not a member of the Legislative Assembly shall at the expiration of that period cease to be a Minister. (5) The salaries and allowances of Ministers shall be such as the Legislature of Meghalaya may from time to time by law determine and, until the Legislature so determines, shall be determined by the Governor.

8. Advocate- General for Meghalaya.

(1) The Governor may, if he thinks fit to do so, appoint a person who is qualified to be appointed a Judge of a High Court to be Advocate- General for Meghalaya. (2) It shall be the duty of the Advocate- General to give advice to the Government of Meghalaya upon such legal matters, and to perform such other duties of a legal character as may, from time to time, be referred or assigned to him by the Governor, and to discharge the functions conferred on him by or under this Act or any other law for the time being in force. (3) The Advocate- General shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor, and shall receive such remuneration as the Governor may determine.

9. Conduct of business.

(1) All executive action of the Government of Meghalaya shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the Governor. (2) Orders and other instruments made and executed in the name of the Governor shall be authenticated in such manner as may be specified in rules to be made by the Governor, and the validity of an order or instrument which is so authenticated shall not be called in question on the ground that it is not an order or instrument made or executed by the Governor. (3) The Governor shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of Meghalaya and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.

10. Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to Governor, etc. It shall be the duty of the Chief

Minister of Meghalaya-- (a) to communicate to the Governor all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of Meghalaya and proposals for legislation; (b) to furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of Meghalaya and proposals for legislation as the Governor may call for; and (c) if the Governor so requires, to submit for the consideration of the Council of Ministers any matter on which a decision has been taken by a Minister but which has not been considered by the Council. PART THE LEGISLATURE

Part III -

THE LEGISLATURE General

11. Constitution of the Legislature of Meghalaya.

(1) There shall be a Legislature for Meghalaya which shall consist of the Governor and the Legislative Assembly. (2) The total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly to be filled by persons chosen by direct election from constituencies in Meghalaya shall be fixed by the Central Government by notification in the Official Gazette after consultation with the Election Commission, but shall not be less than thirty- five or more than fifty- five. (3) The Governor may, if he is of opinion that any minority communities in Meghalaya need representation in the Legislative Assembly and are not adequately represented therein, nominate not more than three members of such communities, not being persons in the service of the Government, to the Legislative Assembly.

12. Delimitation of constituencies.

(1) The Election Commission shall, in the manner herein provided, distribute the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly as fixed under sub- section (2) of section 11 to single member constituencies and delimit them on the basis of the latest census figures having regard to the following provisions, namely:-- (a) all constituencies shall, as far as practicable, consist of geographically compact areas, and in delimiting them, regard shall be had to the physical features, existing boundaries of administrative units, facilities of communication and public convenience; (b) every constituency shall be so delimited as to fall only within an Assembly constituency of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Assam; (c) the population of each constituency shall, as far as practicable, be the same throughout Meghalaya. (2) For the purpose of assisting the Election Commission in the performance of its functions under this section, the Commission shall associate with itself such number of associate members not exceeding five as the Governor may nominate to represent Meghalaya: Provided that none of the associate members shall have a right to vote or to sign any decision of the Election Commission. (3) If owing to death or resignation, the office of an associate member falls vacant, it shall be filled as soon as may be practicable by the Governor in accordance with the provisions of sub- section (2). (4) The Election Commission shall-- (a) publish its proposals for the delimitation of constituencies, together with the dissenting proposals, if any, of any associate member who desires publication thereof, in the Official Gazette and in such other manner as the Commission may consider fit, together with a notice inviting objections and suggestions in relation to the proposals and specifying a date on or after which the proposals will be further considered by it; (b) consider all objections and suggestions which may have been received by it before the date so specified, and for the purpose of such consideration hold one or more public sittings at such place or places as it may think fit; (c) after considering all objections and suggestions which may have been received by it before the date so specified, determine by one or more orders the delimitation of constituencies and cause such order or orders to be published in the Official Gazette; and upon such publication, the order or orders shall have the full force of law and shall not be called in question in any court. (5) As soon as may be after such publication, every such order shall be laid before the Legislative Assembly. (6) Upon the completion of each census, the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly and the division of Meghalaya into territorial constituencies shall be readjusted by such authority and in such manner as Parliament may by law determine: Provided that such readjustment shall not affect representation in the Legislative Assembly until the dissolution of the then existing Assembly. Explanation.-- In this section," latest census figures" means the census figures with respect to Meghalaya ascertainable from the latest census of which the finally published figures are available.

13. Power of Election Commission to maintain delimitation orders up- to- date.

(1) The Election Commission may, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette,-- (a) correct any printing mistake in any order made under section 12 or any error arising therein from inadvertent slip or omission; (b) where the boundaries or name of any territorial division mentioned in any such order are or is altered, make such amendments as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for bringing such order up- to- date. (2) Every notification under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is issued, before the Legislative Assembly.

14. Electors and electoral rolls.

(1) The persons entitled to vote at an election of members shall be the persons entitled by virtue of the provisions of the Constitution and the Representation of the People Act, 1950 (43 of 1950), to be registered as voters at elections to the House of the People. (2) The electoral roll for every constituency shall consist of so much of the electoral roll for an Assembly constituency of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Assam as relates to the areas comprised within each such constituency and it shall not be necessary to prepare or revise separately the electoral roll for any such constituency.

15. Right to vote. Every person, whose name is for the time being entered in the electoral roll for a constituency, shall be entitled to vote at the election of a member from that constituency.

16. Qualification for membership. A person shall not be qualified to be chosen to fill a seat in the Legislative Assembly unless he--

(a) is a citizen of India and makes and subscribes before some person authorised in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the First Schedule; (b) is not less than twenty- five years of age; and (c) is an elector in any constituency in Meghalaya.

17. Election to the Legislative Assembly. The provisions of Part

I, Chapters III and IV of Part II and Parts III to XI of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951), and of any rules and orders made thereunder for the time being in force, shall apply to and in relation to the elections to the Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya as they apply to and in relation to an election to the Legislative Assembly of a State, subject to such modifications as the President may, after consultation with the Election Commission, by order, direct.

18. Duration of Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Assembly,

unless sooner dissolved, shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer, and the expiration of the said period of five years shall operate as a dissolution of the Legislative Assembly: Provided that the said period may, while a Proclamation of Emergency issued under clause (1) of article 352 is in operation, be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time and not extending in any case beyond a period of six months after the Proclamation has ceased to operate.

19. Sessions of Legislative Assembly, prorogation and dissolution.

(1) The Governor shall, from time to time, summon the Legislative Assembly to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but six months shall not intervene between its last sitting in one session and the date appointed for its first sitting in the next session. (2) The Governor may, from time to time,-- (a) prorogue the Legislative Assembly; (b) dissolve the Legislative Assembly.

20. Right of Governor to address and send messages to Legislative

Assembly. (1) The Governor may address the Legislative Assembly and may for that purpose require the attendance of members. (2) The Governor may send messages to the Legislative Assembly, whether with respect to a Bill then pending in the Legislative Assembly or otherwise and when a message is so sent, the Legislative Assembly shall with all convenient despatch consider any matter required by the message to be taken into consideration.

21. Special address by the Governor.

(1) At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the Legislative Assembly and at the commencement of the first session of each year, the Governor shall address the Legislative Assembly and inform the Assembly of the causes of its summons. (2) Provision shall be made by the rules regulating the procedure of the Legislative Assembly for the allotment of time for discussion of the matters referred to in such address.

22. Rights of Ministers as respects Legislative Assembly. Every

Minister and the Advocate- General for Meghalaya shall have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, the Legislative Assembly, and to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, any committee of the Legislative Assembly of which he may be named a member, but shall not, by virtue of this section, be entitled to vote.

24. Speaker and Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.

(1) At any sitting of the Legislative Assembly, while any resolution for the removal of the Speaker from his office is under consideration, the Speaker, or, while any resolution for the removal of the Deputy Speaker from his office is under consideration, the Deputy Speaker, shall not, though he is present, preside, and the provisions of sub- section (4) of section 23 shall apply in relation to every such sitting as they apply in relation to a sitting from which the Speaker or, as the case may be, the Deputy Speaker is absent. (2) The Speaker shall have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, the Legislative Assembly while any resolution for his removal from office is under consideration in the Legislative Assembly and shall, notwithstanding anything in section

27.

, be entitled to vote only in the first instance on such resolution or on any other matter during such proceedings but not in the case of an equality of votes.

25. Secretariat of Legislative Assembly.

(1) The Legislative Assembly shall have a separate secretarial staff. (2) The Legislature of Meghalaya may by law regulate the recruitment, and the conditions of service of persons appointed, to the secretarial staff of the Legislative Assembly. (3) Until provision is made by the Legislature of Meghalaya under sub- section (2), the Governor may, after consultation with the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, make rules regulating the recruitment, and the conditions of service of persons appointed, to the secretarial staff of the Legislative Assembly, and any rules so made shall have effect subject to the provisions of any law made under the said sub- section. Conduct of business

27. Voting in Assembly, power of Assembly to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum.

(1) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, all questions at any sitting of the Legislative Assembly shall be determined by a majority of votes of the members present and voting other than the Speaker or person acting as such. (2) The Speaker or person acting as such shall not vote in the first instance, but shall have and exercise a casting vote in the case of an equality of votes. (3) The Legislative Assembly shall have power to act notwithstanding any vacancy in the membership thereof, and any proceedings in the Legislative Assembly shall be valid notwithstanding that it is discovered subsequently that some person who was not entitled so to do sat or voted or otherwise took part in the proceedings. (4) Until the Legislature of Meghalaya by law otherwise provides, the quorum to constitute a meeting of the Legislative Assembly shall be ten members. (5) If at any time during a meeting of the Legislative Assembly there is no quorum, it shall be the duty of the Speaker or person acting as such either to adjourn the Assembly or suspend the meeting until there is a quorum. Disqualifications of members

29. Disqualifications for membership.

(1) A person shall be disqualified for being chosen as, and for being, a member of the Legislative Assembly,-- (a) if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or the Government of Meghalaya other than an office declared by the Legislature of Meghalaya by law not to disqualify its holder; (b) if he is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court; (c) if he is an undischarged insolvent; (d) if he is not a citizen of India, or has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign State or is under any acknowledgment of allegiance or adherence to a foreign State; (e) if he is disqualified by or under any of the provisions of Chapter III of Part II of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951), as applied to and in relation to the Legislative Assembly by section 17. (2) For the purpose of this section, a person shall not be deemed to hold an office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or the Government of Meghalaya by reason only, that he is a Minister either for the Union or for such State or for Meghalaya. (3) If any question arises as to whether a member has become disqualified for being such a member under the provisions of sub- section (1), the question shall be referred for the decision of the Governor and his decision shall be final. (4) Before giving any decision on any such question, the Governor shall obtain the opinion of the Election Commission and shall act according to such opinion.

30. Penalty for sitting and voting before making an oath or affirmation or when not qualified or when disqualified. If a person sits or votes as a member of the Legislative Assembly before he has complied with the requirements of section 26, or when he knows that he is not qualified or that he is disqualified for membership thereof, or that he is prohibited from so doing by the provisions of any law made by Parliament or the Legislature of Meghalaya, he shall be liable in respect of each day on which he so sits or votes, to a penalty of five hundred rupees to be recovered as a debt due to Meghalaya.

31. Powers, privileges, etc., of members.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act and to the rules and standing orders regulating the procedure of the Legislature of Meghalaya, there shall be freedom of speech in the Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya. (2) No member of the Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya shall be liable to any proceedings in any court in respect of anything said or any vote given by him in the Assembly or any committee thereof, and no person shall be so liable in respect of the publication by or under the authority of the Assembly of any report, paper, votes or proceedings. (3) In other respects, the powers, privileges and immunities of the Legislative Assembly and of the members and the committees thereof shall be such as may from time to time be defined by the Legislature of meghalaya by law, and until so defined, shall be those for the time being enjoyed by the House of the People and its members and committees. (4) The provisions of sub- sections (1), (2) and (3) shall apply in relation to persons who by virtue of this Act have the right to speak in, or otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, the Legislative Assembly or any committee thereof as they apply in relation to members of that Assembly.

32. Salaries and allowances of members. Members of the

Legislative Assembly shall be entitled to receive such salaries and allowances as may from time to time be determined by the Legislature of Meghalaya by law and, until provision in that respect is so made, such salaries and allowances as the Governor may, by order, determine. Legislative powers and procedure

34. Exemption from taxation of properties of the Union and the

State of Assam and of certain vehicles registered in Assam or Meghalaya. (1) The property of the Union shall, save in so far as Parliament may, by law, otherwise provide, be exempt from all taxes imposed by Meghalaya or by any authority within Meghalaya. (2) Nothing in sub- section (1) shall, until Parliament by law otherwise provides, prevent any authority within Meghalaya from levying any tax on any property of the Union to which such property was immediately before the commencement of this Act liable or treated as liable so long as that tax continues to be levied in Meghalaya. (3) The property of the State of Assam shall, so long as the property of Meghalaya in the rest of Assam is exempt from taxes imposed by the Government of Assam or by any authority within the State of Assam, be exempt from all taxes imposed by Meghalaya or by any authority within Meghalaya. (4) No vehicle registered at any place in the State of Assam, not being a place in Meghalaya, and transiting through Meghalaya shall be liable to any tax under any law enacted by the Legislature of Meghalaya so long as any vehicle registered at any place in Meghalaya and transiting through the territory of Assam (not comprised in Meghalaya) is exempt from payment of any tax under any law enacted by the Legislature of the State of Assam.

35. Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislature of Meghalaya.

(1) If any provision of a law made by the Legislature of Meghalaya is repugnant to any provision of a law made by Parliament which Parliament is competent to enact, or to any provision of any existing law with respect to one of the matters enumerated in the Concurrent List in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution, then, subject to the provisions of sub- section (2), the law made by Parliament, whether passed before or after the law made by the Legislature of Meghalaya, or, as the case may be, the existing law, shall prevail and the law made by the Legislature of Meghalaya shall, to the extent of the repugnancy, be void. (2) Where a law made by the Legislature of Meghalaya with respect to one of the matters enumerated in the Concurrent List in the Seventh

the Constitution, which the Legislature of Meghalaya is competent to enact under this Act contains any provision repugnant to the provisions of an earlier law made by Parliament or an existing law with respect to that matter, then, the law so made by the Legislature of Meghalaya shall, if it has been reserved for the consideration of the President and has received his assent, prevail in Meghalaya:

Provided that nothing in this sub- section shall prevent Parliament from enacting at any time any law with respect to the same matter, including a law adding to, amending, varying or repealing the law so made by the Legislature of Meghalaya.

36. Inconsistency between laws made by the Legislature of the

State of Assam and laws made by the Legislature of Meghalaya. Where a law made by the Legislature of Meghalaya with respect to one of the matters enumerated in Part C of the Second Schedule contains any provision repugnant to the provision of an earlier law made by the Legislature of the State of Assam which that Legislature is competent to enact, or to any provision of any existing law with respect to that matter, then, the law so made by the Legislature of Meghalaya shall, to the extent of the repugnancy, be void unless the law has received assent under section 39 after the Governor has obtained the advice of the Chief Minister of Assam: Provided that nothing contained in this section shall prevent the Legislature of the State of Assam from enacting at any time any law with respect to the same matter including a law adding to, amending, varying or repealing the law so made by the Legislature of Meghalaya. Explanation 1.-- In this section and in sections 35 and 59, " existing law" means any law, ordinance, order, bye- law, rule or regulation passed or made before the appointed day by any Legislature, authority or person having power to make such a law, ordinance, order, bye- law, rule or regulation. Explanation 2.-- In this section and in sections 39 and 50, the reference to the advice of the Chief Minister of Assam shall, while a Proclamation issued in relation to the State of Assam under clause (1) of article 356 of the Constitution is in operation, be construed as a reference to the instructions from the President.

37. Special provisions as to financial Bills.

(1) A Bill or amendment shall not be introduced into, or moved in, the Legislative Assembly except on the recommendation of the Governor if such Bill or amendment makes provisions dealing with any of the following matters, namely:-- (a) the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax; (b) the regulation of the borrowing of money or the giving of any guarantee by Meghalaya, or the amendment of the law with respect to any financial obligations undertaken or to be undertaken by Meghalaya; (c) the custody of the Consolidated Fund or the Contingency Fund of Meghalaya, the payment of moneys into, or withdrawal of moneys from, any such Fund. (d) the appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya; (e) the declaring of any expenditure to be expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya, or the increasing of the amount of any such expenditure; (f) the receipt of money on account of the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya or the public account of Meghalaya or the custody or issue of such money: Provided that no recommendation shall be required under this sub- section for the moving of an amendment making provision for the reduction or abolition of any tax. (2) A Bill or amendment shall not be deemed to make provision for any of the matters specified in sub- section (1) by reason only that it provides for the imposition of fines or other pecuniary penalties, or for the demand or payment of fees for licences or fees for services rendered, or by reason that it provides for the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax by any local authority or body for local purposes. (3) A Bill, which, if enacted and brought into operation, would involve expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya, shall not be passed by the Legislative Assembly unless the Governor has recommended to the Assembly the consideration of the Bill.

38. Procedure as to lapsing of Bills. A Bill pending in the

Legislative Assembly shall not lapse by reason of the prorogation of the Assembly, but shall lapse on a dissolution thereof.

39. Assent to Bills. When a Bill has been passed by the

Legislative Assembly, it shall be presented to the Governor and the Governor shall declare either that he assents to the Bill or that he withholds assent therefrom or that he reserves the Bill for the consideration of the President: Provided that the Governor may, as soon as possible after the presentation to him of the Bill for assent, return the Bill if it is not a Money Bill together with a message requesting that the Legislative Assembly will reconsider the Bill or any specified provisions thereof and, in particular, will consider the desirability of introducing any such amendments as he may recommend in his message and, when a Bill is so returned, the Legislative Assembly shall reconsider the Bill accordingly, and if the Bill is passed again by the Assembly with or without amendment and presented to the Governor for assent, the Governor shall not-- (a) give assent in the case of a Bill containing provisions of the nature referred to in section 36 except after obtaining the advice of the Chief Minister of Assam; (b) withhold assent in the case of any other Bill. Explanation.-- For the purposes of this section and section 40, a Bill shall be deemed to be a Money Bill if it contains only provisions dealing with all or any of the matters specified in sub- section (1) of section 37 or any matter incidental to any of those matters and there is endorsed thereon the certificate of the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly signed by him that it is a Money Bill: Provided that a Bill shall not be deemed to be a Money Bill by reason only that it provides for the imposition of fines or other pecuniary penalties, or for the demand or payment of fees for licences or fees for services rendered or by reason that it provides for the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax by any local authority or body for local purposes.

40. Bills reserved for consideration. When a Bill is reserved by the Governor for the consideration of the President, the President shall declare either that he assents to the Bill or that he withholds assent therefrom:

Provided that where the Bill is not a Money Bill, the President may direct the Governor to return the Bill to the Legislative Assembly together with such a message as is referred to in section 39, and when a Bill is so returned, the Legislative Assembly shall reconsider it accordingly within a period of six months from the date of receipt of such message, and if it is again passed by the Legislative Assembly with or without amendment, it shall be presented again to the President for his consideration.

41. Requirements as to sanction and recommendation to be regarded as matters of procedure only. No Act of the Legislature of Meghalaya and no provision in any such Act shall be invalid by reason only that some recommendation or previous sanction required by the Constitution or this Act was not given, if assent to that Act was given--

(a) where the recommendation required was that of the Governor, either by the Governor or by the President; (b) where the recommendation or previous sanction required was that of the President, by the President. Procedure in financial matters

43. Procedure in Legislative Assembly with respect to estimates.

(1) So much of the estimates as relates to expenditure charged upon the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya shall not be submitted to the vote of the Legislative Assembly, but nothing in this sub- section shall be construed as preventing the discussion in the Legislative Assembly of any of those estimates. (2) So much of the said estimates as relates to other expenditure shall be submitted in the form of demands for grants to the Legislative Assembly, and the Legislative Assembly shall have power to assent, or to refuse to assent, to any demand, or to assent to any demand subject to a reduction of the amount specified therein. (3) No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the Governor.

44. Appropriation Bills.

(1) As soon as may be after the grants under section 43 have been made by the Legislative Assembly, there shall be introduced a Bill to provide for the appropriation out of the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya of all moneys required to meet-- (a) the grants so made by the Legislative Assembly; and (b) the expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya, but not exceeding in any case the amount shown in the statement previously laid before the Assembly. (2) No amendment shall be proposed to any such Bill in the Legislative Assembly which will have the effect of varying the amount or altering the destination of any grant so made or of varying the amount of any expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya, and the decision of the person presiding as to whether an amendment is inadmissible under this sub- section shall be final. (3) Subject to the provisions of sections 45 and 46, no money shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya except under appropriation made by law passed in accordance with the provisions of this section.

45. Supplementary, additional or excess grants.

(1) The Governor shall,-- (a) if the amount authorised by any law made in accordance with the provisions of section 44 to be expended for a particular service for the current financial year is found to be insufficient for the purposes of that year or when a need has arisen during the current financial year for supplementary or additional expenditure upon some new service not contemplated in the annual financial statement for that year, or (b) if any money has been spent on any service during a financial year in excess of the amount granted for that service and for that year, cause to be laid before the Legislative Assembly another statement showing the estimated amount of that expenditure or cause to be presented to the Legislative Assembly a demand for such excess, as the case may be. (2) The provisions of sections 42, 43 and 44 shall have effect in relation to any such statement and expenditure or demand and also to any law to be made authorising the appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya to meet such expenditure or the grant in respect of such demand as they have effect in relation to the annual financial statement and the expenditure mentioned therein or to a demand for a grant and the law to be made for the authorisation of appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya to meet such expenditure or grant.

46. Votes on Account and exceptional grant.

(1) Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Part, the Legislative Assembly shall have power-- (a) to make any grant in advance in respect of the estimated expenditure for a part of any financial year pending the completion of the procedure prescribed in section

43. for the voting of such grant and the passing of the law in accordance with the provisions of section 44 in relation to that expenditure;

(b) to make a grant for meeting an unexpected demand upon the resources of the autonomous State when on account of the magnitude or the indefinite character of the service the demand cannot be stated with the details ordinarily given in an annual financial statement; (c) to make an exceptional grant which forms no part of the current service of any financial year; and the Legislature of Meghalaya shall have power to authorise by law the withdrawal of moneys from the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya for the purpose for which the said grants are made. (2) The provisions of sections 43 and 44 shall have effect in relation to the making of any grant under sub- section (1) and to any law to be made under that sub- section, as they have effect in relation to the making of a grant with regard to any expenditure mentioned in the annual financial statement and the law to be made for the authorisation of appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya to meet such expenditure. Procedure generally

48. Restrictions on discussion in the Legislative Assembly. No discussion shall take place in the Legislative Assembly with respect to the conduct of any Judge of the Supreme Court, or of a High Court,

in the discharge of his duties.

49. Courts not to enquire into the proceedings of Legislative

Assembly. (1) The validity of any proceedings in the Legislative Assembly shall not be called in question on the ground of any alleged irregularity of procedure. (2) No officer or member of the Legislative Assembly in whom powers are vested by or under this Act for regulating procedure or the conduct of business or for maintaining order, in the Legislative Assembly shall be subject to the jurisdiction of any court in respect of the exercise by him of those powers. Legislative power of the Governor PART FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

Part IV -

FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

51. Consolidated Fund.

(1) Subject to the provisions of section

52.

, all revenue received by the Government of Meghalaya, all loans raised by that Government by the issue of treasury bills, loans or ways and means advances and all moneys received by that Government in repayment of loans shall form one consolidated fund to be entitled " the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya". (2) All other public moneys received by or on behalf of the Government of Meghalaya shall be credited to the public account of Meghalaya. (3) No moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya shall be appropriated except in accordance with law and for the purposes and in the manner provided in this Act.

52. Contingency Fund. The Legislature of Meghalaya may, by law,

establish a Contingency Fund in the nature of an imprest to be entitled" the Contingency Fund of Meghalaya" into which shall be paid from time to time such sums as may be determined by such law, and the said Fund shall be placed at the disposal of the Governor to enable advances to be made by him out of such Fund for the purposes of meeting unforeseen expenditure pending authorisation of such expenditure by the Legislature of Meghalaya by law under section 45 or section 46.

53. Custody of suitors' deposits and other moneys received by public servants and courts. All moneys received by or deposited with--

(a) any officer employed in connection with the affairs of Meghalaya in his capacity as such, other than revenues or public moneys raised or received by the Government of Meghalaya, or (b) any court within Meghalaya to the credit of any cause, matter, account or persons, shall be paid into the public account of Meghalaya.

54. Custody, etc., of Consolidated Fund, Contingency Fund and moneys credited to the public accounts. The custody of the

Consolidated Fund and the Contingency Fund of Meghalaya, the payment of moneys into such Funds, the withdrawal of moneys therefrom, the custody of public moneys other than those credited to such Funds received by or on behalf of the Government of Meghalaya, their payment into the public account of Meghalaya and the withdrawal of moneys from such account and all other matters connected with or ancillary to matters aforesaid shall be regulated by law made by the Legislature of Meghalaya, and, until provision in that behalf is so made, shall be regulated by rules made by the Governor.

55. Certain taxes levied by Assam to be appropriated by

Meghalaya. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, any tax on the consumption or sale of electricity relatable to entry 53 in the State List in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution, and any tax on the sale or purchase of goods relatable to entry 54 in the said List levied by the Government of Assam shall be collected within Meghalaya but not including any area comprised within the municipality of Shillong by the Government of Meghalaya, and the proceeds in any financial year of any such tax leviable within Meghalaya shall not form part of the Consolidated Fund of Assam, but shall form part of the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya. (2) Where a tax relatable to entry 54 in the State List aforesaid levied by the Government of Assam is collected by that Government at the first point of sale or purchase of goods, such portion of the tax so collected as may be agreed upon by the Governments of Assam and Meghalaya or in default of such agreement, as the Central Government may determine, shall be payable to Meghalaya. (3) The laws with respect to the taxes referred to in sub- section (1) shall have effect subject to such exceptions and modifications as the Central Government may, by order, specify for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of that sub- section.

56. Distribution of revenues.

(1) The grants- in- aid under clause (1) of article 275 and the share of the taxes on income, the distributable Union duties of excise, the additional duties of excise on goods of special importance and estate duty payable to the State of Assam under the constitution (Distribution of Revenues) Order, 1969, the Union Duties of Excise (Distribution) Act, 1962 (3 of 1962), the Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act, 1957 (58 of 1957), and the Estate Duty (Distribution) Act, 1962 (9 of

1962.

), shall be construed, as from the appointed day, as payable to the State of Assam and the autonomous State of Meghalaya in such proportion as the President may, by order, determine. (2) Every order made by the President under sub- section (1) shall be laid before Parliament as soon as may be after it is made.

57. Authorisation of expenditure pending its sanction by

Legislative Assembly. The Governor may, at any time before the appointed day, authorise such expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya as he deems necessary for a period of not more than six months beginning with the appointed day pending the sanction of that expenditure by the Legislative Assembly: Provided that the Governor may, after the appointed day, authorise such further expenditure as he deems necessary from the Consolidated Fund of Meghalaya for any period not extending beyond the said period of six months. PART ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

Part V -

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

58. Apportionment of assets and liabilities. The assets and liabilities of the State of Assam immediately before the appointed day shall be apportioned between that State and Meghalaya in accordance with the provisions contained in the Third Schedule.

PART ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS

Part VI -

ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS

59. Obligation of Meghalaya, the State of Assam and the Union.

The executive power of Meghalaya shall be so exercised as to ensure compliance with the laws made by Parliament, the Legislature of the State of Assam and any existing laws which apply in Meghalaya, and the executive power of the Union and of the State of Assam shall extend to the giving of such directions to Meghalaya as may appear to the Government of India or the Government of Assam, as the case may be, to be necessary for that purpose.

60. Control over the autonomous State in certain cases. The executive power of Meghalaya shall be so exercised as not to impede or prejudice the exercise of the executive power of the Union or the

Government of Assam, as the case may be, and the executive power of the Union and the State of Assam shall extend to the giving of such directions to Meghalaya as may appear to the Government of India or the Government of Assam, as the case may be, to be necessary for that purpose.

61. Entrustment of functions. Notwithstanding anything in this

Act,-- (a) the Government of Assam may, with the consent of the Government of Meghalaya, entrust either conditionally or unconditionally to that Government or to its officers functions in relation to any matter to which the executive power of the State of Assam extends; (b) the Government of Meghalaya may, with the consent of the Government of Assam, entrust either conditionally or unconditionally to that Government or to its officers functions in relation to any matter to which the executive power of Meghalaya extends. PART TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Part VII -

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

62. Provisions as to Provisional Legislative Assembly.

(1) Until the Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya has been duly constituted and summoned to meet for the first session under the provisions of Part III, there shall be a Provisional Legislative Assembly which shall consist of not less than thirty- five and not more than fifty- five persons as the Central Government may, after consultation with the Election Commission, by order, determine, and such persons shall be elected in the manner specified in sub- section (2). (2) Subject to the provisions of sub- section (1), the members of the Provisional Legislative Assembly shall be elected in the following manner, namely:-- (a) there shall be an electoral college for each autonomous district within Meghalaya which shall consist of the elected members of the District Council thereof, and each electoral college shall elect such number of persons to the Provisional Legislative Assembly as the President may, after consultation with the Election Commission, by order, determine; (b) the election of members to the Provisional Legislative Assembly shall be in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and shall be subject to such rules as the Central Government may, after consultation with the Election Commission, make in this behalf. (3) The Central Government may nominate to the Provisional Legislative Assembly not more than three persons, not being persons in the service of the Government, to represent any minority communities in Meghalaya which, in its opinion, need representation in the Assembly. (4) No person shall be qualified to be chosen as a member of the Provisional Legislative Assembly unless he is a person whose name is for the time being entered in the electoral roll for so much of any constituency of the Legislative Assembly of Assam as is comprised within Meghalaya and is not less than twenty- five years of age. (5) If owing to death, resignation or otherwise, the office of a member of the Provisional Legislative Assembly falls vacant, it may be filled up as soon as practicable under and in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this section. (6) The term of office of the members of the Provisional Legislative Assembly shall expire immediately before the first meeting of the Legislative Assembly duly constituted under this Act. (7) The election by the electoral college under this section shall not be called in question on the ground merely of the existence of a vacancy in the membership of any District Council forming part of the electoral college. (8) The Provisional Legislative Assembly constituted under this section shall, for so long it is in existence, be deemed to be the Legislative Assembly duly constituted under this act, and accordingly the provisions of Part III shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to the Provisional Legislative Assembly as they apply in relation to the Legislative Assembly. PART MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part VIII -

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

63. Special committee for development of Shillong. The Central

Government may, in consultation with the Governments of Assam and Meghalaya, by order, constitute a committee consisting of such number of persons as it may think fit for advising the two Governments on matters of common interest with respect to Shillong in the field of education and water supply in particular, and with respect to its development and administration in general. Explanation.-- In this section, Shillong shall mean the areas comprised within the cantonment and municipality of Shillong and include such other areas adjoining the said cantonment or municipality as may be agreed upon by the Governments of Assam and Meghalaya in this behalf.

64. Provisions as to continuance of courts. All courts and tribunals and all authorities discharging lawful functions throughout

Meghalaya or any part thereof immediately before the appointed day shall, unless their continuance is inconsistent with the provisions of this Act or until other provision is made by a competent authority, continue to exercise their respective functions.

65. Provisions relating to services.

(1) Every person who being a member of an All- India Service is for the time being borne on the Assam State Cadre of that Service or is otherwise serving in connection with the affairs of the State of Assam as a member of class I service of that State may be required by the Government of that State to serve in connection with the affairs of Meghalaya for such period or periods as the Government of Assam may, by order, direct: Provided that no such order shall be made-- (a) before the appointed day, except with the approval of the Central Government; and (b) on or after the appointed day, except in accordance with such rules as may be made by the Central Government after consultation with the Governments of Assam and Meghalaya. (2) Subject to any general or special order which the Central Government may make in this behalf, the control over any such person as is referred to in sub- section (1) shall, for so long as he is required to serve in connection with the affairs of Meghalaya, be vested in the Government of Meghalaya. (3) Such persons serving in connection with the affairs of the State of Assam immediately before the appointed day, not being a person referred to in sub- section (1), as may be determined by agreement between the Government of Assam and the Government of Meghalaya or in default of agreement, by the Central Government, may, notwithstanding anything in the terms of their appointments or their conditions of service, be required to serve in connection with the affairs of the autonomous State. (4) All previous service rendered by a person referred to in sub- section (3) in connection with the affairs of the State of Assam shall be deemed to have been rendered in connection with the affairs of the autonomous State for the purposes of the rules regulating his conditions of service. (5) Nothing in sub- sections (3) and (4) shall be deemed to affect the power of the Legislature of Meghalaya or the Governor to determine the conditions of service of persons serving in connection with the affairs of Meghalaya: Provided that the conditions of service applicable immediately before the appointed day to any person referred to in sub- section (3) shall not be varied to his disadvantage except with the previous approval of the Government of Assam.

66. Continuance of existing laws and their adaptations.

(1) All laws in force immediately before the appointed day in the autonomous State shall continue to be in force therein until altered, repealed or amended by a competent legislature or other competent authority. (2) For the purpose of facilitating the application in relation to the autonomous State of any law made before the appointed day, the appropriate Government may, within two years from that day, by order, make such adaptations or modifications of the law, whether by way of repeal or amendment, as may be necessary or expedient and thereupon every such law shall have effect subject to the adaptations and modifications so made until altered, repealed or amended by a competent legislature or other competent authority. Explanation.-- In this section, the expression" appropriate Government" means as respects any law relating to a matter enumerated in the Union List in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution, the Central Government, as respects any law relating to a matter in the Second Schedule, the Govern- ment of Meghalaya, and, as respects any other law, the Government of Assam.

67. Autonomous State to be a State for certain purposes of the

Constitution. Subject to the other provisions contained in this Act, reference to a State (by whatever form of words) in any of the following articles of the Constitution shall be construed as including a reference to the autonomous State, namely:-- Articles 12 to 15 (inclusive), except clause (3) thereof], 18, 19, 23, 25, 28 to 31 (inclusive), 31A, 34 to 51 (inclusive), 58, 59, 66, 73, 102, 110 (1) (f),

131.

, 138, 149, 150, 151, 161, 209, 210, 233, 234, 235,

237.

, 251, 252, 256 to 258A (inclusive), 261, 262, 263,

268.

, 269, 270, 272, 274, to 280 (inclusive), 282, 288,

289.

, 293, 296, 298 to 305 (inclusive), 308 to 311 (inclusive) , 320, 323 (2), 324 to 329 (inclusive), 339 to 342 (inclusive), 345 to 348 (inclusive), 350, 350A,

350B.

, 353, 355 to 358 (inclusive), 360, 361, 364 to 367 (inclusive) . Explanation.-- Reference in any of the articles above specified to the High Court or to the State Public Service Commission shall be construed as reference to the High Court of Assam or the Public Service Commission of the State of Assam, as the case may be.

68. Power of Governments of Assam and Meghalaya to carry on trade, etc., in Meghalaya.

(1) The executive power which the Government of Assam may exercise under article 298 in Meghalaya for the carrying on of any trade or business and for the acquisition, holding and disposal of property and the making of contracts for any purpose shall, in so far as such trade or business or such purpose is not one with respect to which the Legislature of the State of Assam may make laws, be subject to legislation by the Legislature of Meghalaya. (2) The executive power which the Government of Meghalaya may exercise under article 298 in Meghalaya for the carrying on of any trade or business and for the acquisition, holding and disposal of property and the making of contracts for any purpose shall, in so far as such trade or business or such purpose is not one with respect to which the Legislature of Meghalaya may make laws, be subject also to legislation by the Legislature of the State of Assam.

69. Power to suspend provisions of this Act in case of failure of constitutional machinery. Where a Proclamation is issued under article

356. in respect of Meghalaya, the President may, by the same

Proclamation or a subsequent Proclamation varying it, suspend also, in whole or in part, the operation of any of the provisions of this Act.

70. Construction of references to" State" and" State Government"

in other laws in relation to Meghalaya. Without prejudice to the provisions of sections 66 and 71 the Central Government may, after consulting the Government of Assam, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare that any reference to a" State" in a Central Act specified in the notification shall, in its application to Meghalaya, be construed as a reference to the whole or any part of Meghalaya and any reference to" State Government" in a Central Act specified in the notification shall in its application to Meghalaya be construed as a reference to the Central Government.

71. Power to construe laws. Notwithstanding that no provision or insufficient provision has been made under section 66 for the adaptation of a law made before the appointed day, any court, tribunal or authority required or empowered to enforce such law may, for the purpose of facilitating its application in relation to the autonomous

State, construe the law in such manner not affecting the substance as may be necessary or proper in regard to the matter before the court, tribunal or authority, as the case may be.

72. Effect of provisions of Act inconsistent with other laws. The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law.

73. Power to remove difficulties.

(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the President may, by order, do anything not inconsistent with such provisions which appears to him to be necessary or expedient for the purpose of removing the difficulty. (2) Every order made under this section shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament as soon as may be after it is made.

74. Amendment of the Sixth Schedule. The Sixth Schedule in the

Constitution shall stand amended as specified in the Fourth Schedule.

75. Amendment of Act 2 of 1934. In section 21A of the Reserve

Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934), in sub- section 1, after the words" any State", the brackets and words" (including the autonomous State of Meghalaya)", shall be inserted.

76. Amendment of Act 37 of 1956. In section 16 of the States

Reorganisation Act, 1956 (37 of 1956), in sub- section 1, for clause (d) , the following clause shall be substituted, namely:-- " (d) in the case of the Eastern Zone,-- (i) the Chief Minister and another Minister of the autonomous State of Meghalaya to be nominated by the Governor of Assam and if there is no Council of Ministers therein, not more than two members from the autonomous State of Meghalaya to be nominated by the President; and (ii) the person for the time being holding the office of the Adviser to the Governor of Assam for Tribal areas.".

77. Power to make rules.

(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to give effect to the provisions of this Act. (2) Every rule made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid], both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.