1. Short title, extent and commencement.—(1) This Act may be called the Police (Incitement to Disaffection) Act, 1922. (2) It extends to the whole of India, except the territories which immediately before 1st November, 1956, were comprised in Part B States. (3) It shall come into force in any State or part of a State on such date as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct.
2. Definition.—In this Act, the expression “member of a police-force” means any person appointed or enrolled for the performance of police duties under any enactment specified in the Schedule.
3. Penalty for causing disaffection, etc.—Whoever, intentionally causes or attempts to cause, or does any act which he knows is likely to cause disaffection towards the Government establishment by law in India amongst the members of a police-force, or induces or attempts to induce or does any act which he knows is likely to induce, any member of a police-force to withhold his services or to commit a breach of discipline, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees, or with both. Explanation.— Expression of disapprobation of the measures of the Government with a view to obtain their alteration by lawful means, or of disapprobation of the administrative or other action of the Government, do not constitute an offence under this section unless they cause or are made for the purpose of causing or are likely to cause disaffection.
4. Saving of acts done by police associations and other persons for certain purposes.—Nothing shall be deemed to be an offence under this Act which is done in good faith.— (a) for the purposes of promoting the welfare or interest of any member of a police-force by inducing him to withhold his services in any manner authorised by law; or (b) by or on behalf of any association formed for the purpose of furthering the interests of members of a police-force as such where the association has been authorised or recognised by the Government and the act done is done under any rules or articles of association which have been approved by the Government.
5. Sanction to trial of offences by subordinate Courts.—No Court shall proceed to the trial of any offence under this Act except with the previous sanction, or on the complaint, of the District Magistrate or, in the case of a Presidency-town, of the Commissioner of Police.
6. Trial of cases.—(1) No Court inferior to that of a Presidency Magistrate or Magistrate of the first class shall try and offence under this Act. (2) Notwithstanding anything, contained in Chapter XXII of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act 5 of 1898), no offence under this Act shall be triable summarily.
THE SCHEDULE(See section 2)
|Acts of the Governor-General in Council|
|1859||XXV||The Madras District Police Act, 1859.|
|1861||V||The Police Act, 1961.|
|1888||III||The Police Act, 1888.|
|1892||V||The Bengal Military Police Act, 1892.|
|1888||III||The Madras City Police Act, 1888.|
|1890||IV||The Bombay District Police Act, 1890.|
|1902||IV||The City of Bombay Police Act, 1902.|
|1866||II||The Calcutta Suburban Police Act, 1866.|
|1866||IV||The Calcutta Police Act, 1866.|
|1890||III||The Calcutta Port Act, 1890.|
|1920||II||The Eastern Frontier Rifles (Bengal Rangoon Police Act, 1899 Battalion) Act, 1920.|
|1920||I||The Assam Rifles Act, 1920.|
|Regulation by the Governor General in Council.|
|1888||II||The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Military Police Regulation,1888.|