The Murshidabad Estate Administration Act, 1933
ACT NO. 23 OF 1933
[ 21st September, 1933.]
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE APPOINTMENT OF A MANAGER ON BEHALF
1. Short title and extent.
This Act may be called the
Murshidabad Estate Administration Act, 1933.
It extends to whole of India except the territories which immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were comprised in Part
2. Definitions. In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-
immoveable properties of the estate" means the properties contained in the Schedules of immoveable property annexed to the Indenture included in and confirmed by the Murshidabad Act, 1891, (15 of 1891.)
with any additional immoveable property added thereto under sub- section (1) of section 3 of that Act, and includes all immoveable property acquire under the provisions of section 32 of the Land Acquisition Act,
; (1 of 1894.)
issues and profits of the immoveable properties of the estate" includes all money awarded under the Land
Acquisition Act, 1894, (1 of 1894.) as compensation for the acquisition of any of the immoveable properties of the estate together with interest thereon;
" Manager" means the officer appointed under section 3
" Nawab Bahadur" means the Nawab Bahadur of
Murshidabad for the time being;
" Board of Revenue" means the Board of Revenue,
thirdly. so long as such management continues-
the Nawab Bahadur shall be incompetent to mortgage,
charge, lease, settle or alienate the immoveable properties of the estate, or to grant valid receipts for the rents and profits arising or accruing therefrom;
such property shall be exempt from attachment or sale under process of any Court; and
the Nawab Bahadur shall be incapable of entering into any contract which may involve him in pecuniary liability; and fourthly, any amount awarded, before the entry of the
State Government] upon the immovable properties of the estate, under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, (1 of
) by way of compensation for immoveable properties of the estate acquired under that Act, if the amount has been invested in securities under section 32 of that Act or is deposited in Court pending such investment in land or securities, shall, together with all interest and other proceeds thereof not already paid to any person under the provisions of any law, be deliverable to the
Manager on behalf of the State Government] to be disposed of in such manner as the State Government]
may think fit.
5. Suits and appeals during managements. So long as the appointment of the Manager continues-
in every suit or appeal to which the State of West Bengal]] in possession is a party the Manager shall be named as' its representative] for the purpose of such suit or appeal;
in every pending suit or appeal concerning the properties under management the State of West
Bengal] 1 in possession shall be a party in place of the
Nawab Bahadur and the Manager shall be named as the representative of the State of West Bengal]] in possession for the purpose of the suit or appeal; and no application in any such suit or appeal shall be made to the Court on behalf of the State of West Bengal]
] in possession except by the Manager;
the Court upon application by the Manager or by any party to the suit may order that the plaint or memorandum of appeal be amended so as to conform with the requirements of clause (1) or that the Manager be named as the representative of the State of West
Bengal] in possession as required by clause (2) of this section.
6. Manager to receive rents. issues and profits.
The Manager shall receive and recover all rents, issues and profits due in respect of the immoveable properties of the estate, and shall upon receiving such rents, issues and profits give receipts therefor.
The Manager shall receive the monthly sum of Rs. 19, 166- 10- 3 payable from the Government Treasury at Berhampore in the district of
Murshidabad in West Bengal] and shall give receipts therefor.
7. Application by Manager of sums received.
From the sums received under sub- sections (1) and (2) of section 6, the Manager shall pay-
first, to the Nawab Bahadur such monthly sum, not being in any case less than Rs. 9, 583- 5- 4, as the State
Government may fix in this behalf;
secondly, the allowances, if any, payable under section 3 of the Murshidabad Act, 1946];
thirdly], the Government revenue, cesses, rates and taxes and all debts and liabilities for the time being due or incurred to Government or to any local authority;
fourthly], in the case of property held by the Nawab
Bahadur as tenant, the rent and cess due to the superior landlord in respect of the said property;
fifthly], the cost of such repairs and improvements of the immoveable properties of the estate as appear necessary to the Manager and are approved by the Board of Revenue;
and shall apply the residue to the discharge of the costs of the management, to the payment of expenditure incurred in litigation and to the settlement in accordance with the scheme approved by the Board of Revenue under section 14 of such debts and liabilities of the Nawab
Bahadur as may be established under the provisions of this Act.
Notwithstanding anything contained in sub- section (1), it shall be lawful for the Manager to pay out of the sums received under subsections (1) and (2) of section 6 any sum required to meet such expenditure on any other object or for any other purpose as the
State Government] may from time to time sanction.
8. Notice to claimants. As soon as may be after the publication of the order for the appointment of a Manager under section 3 the Manager shall publish in the prescribed manner a notice in English and Bengali calling upon all persons having claims against the Nawab Bahadur to notify such claims in writing to the Manager within six months from the date of the notice.
9. Presentation of claims. Every such claimant shall, along with his claim, present to the Manager full particulars thereof, together with all documents on which he relies in support thereof, and the
Manager may refuse to receive in evidence on the claimant' s behalf at the investigation of the claim any document not so presented.
10. Debt not duly notified to barred. Every debt or liability,
except debts due or liabilities incurred to the Government or to any local authority and rent due to a superior landlord from the Nawab
Bahadur as tenant of any property, which is not duly notified to the
Manager within the time and in the manner mentioned in sections 8 and
9. shall be barred:
Provided that if the Manager is satisfied that the claimant was for reasonable cause unable to comply with the provisions of sections
8. and 9, the Manager may admit his claim within a further period of six months from the expiration of the period of six months specified in section 8.
11. Determination of debts. The Manager shall in the prescribed manner determine the amount of the principal of all debts and liabilities not barred under section 10 justly due to the several creditors of the Nawab Bahadur and to persons holding mortgages,
charges or liens on the property of the Nawab Bahadur, and shall determine in like manner the interest, if any, due at the date of such determination in respect of such debts and liabilities and may reduce the rates of interest charged as appears to him just and proper.
12. Power to inquire into consideration for leases, etc. The
Manager may inquire into the sufficiency of the consideration for which any lease, settlement, grant, mortgage, charge or lien was given and whether it was given in contravention of the conditions of the
Murshidabad Act, 1891, (15 of 1891.) and if satisfied that the con-
sideration was insufficient or that such lease, settlement, grant,
mortgage, charge or lien was given in contravention of the said Act may, by order in writing, set aside or modify such lease, settlement,
grant, mortgage, charge or lien; and any such order, subject to the appeal provided in section 13, shall have the force of a decree of a competent Civil Court and be enforceable as such.
13. Appeals to Board of Revenue.
An appeal shall lie to the
Board of Revenue against any order by the Manager-
refusing to receive a document under section 9;
refusing to admit a claim under the proviso to section 10; or
determining the amount of a debt or liability or of interest thereon, or reducing the rate of interest, under section 11 or
setting aside or modifying a lease, settlement,
grant, mortgage. charge or lien under section 12.
If no such. appeal is preferred within six weeks from the date of the order, the decision of the Manager shall, subject to the provisions of section 22, be final.
14. Scheme for settlement of debts.
When the amount due in respect of the debts and liabilities mentioned in section 11 has been finally determined, the Manager shall prepare and submit to the Board of Revenue a schedule of such debts and liabilities, and a scheme for the settlement thereof in whole or in part out of the residue referred to in section 7 annually available during the lifetime of the Nawab
Bahadur; and the Board of Revenue may approve the scheme without modification or subject to such modification as it deems expedient.
The scheme shall provide for payment in full, as soon as may be, of-
first, arrears of wages due to servants of the
Nawab Bahadur, determined in accordance with the forgoing provisions, and
secondly, claims of each creditor whose claims in the aggregate do not exceed five hundred rupees, as so determined;
and the scheme shall further provide that any balance left after meet-
ing the above claims and each annual residue thereafter shall be dis-
tributed rateably among the other creditors of the Nawab Bahadur in payment of their claims, as so determined.
15. Power to call for further particulars. The Manager may from time to time call for further and more detailed particulars of any claim preferred before him under this Act and may at his discretion refuse to proceed with the investigation of the claim until such particulars are supplied.
16. Power to summon witnesses. The Manager may for the purpose of any investigation under this Act summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses and compel them to give evidence, and compel the production of documents, by the same means and as far as possible in the same manner as is provided in the case of a Civil Court by the Code of
Civil Procedure, 1908. (5 of 1908.)
17. Investigation to be deemed a judicial proceeding. Every investigation conducted by the Manager with reference to any claim preferred before him under this Act, or to any matter connected with such claim, shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of the Indian Penal Code; (45 of 1860.) and every statement made by any person examined by or before the Manager with reference to any such investigation, whether upon oath or otherwise, shall be deemed to be evidence within the meaning of the said Code.
18. Power to order production of accounts, papers, etc., and evidence of title.
The Collector of Murshidabad may on the application of the Manager order all persons who are or were in the employ of the estate of the Nawab Bahadur to attend before him; and may order any person to deliver up any accounts, papers or moveable property belonging to the estate or any accounts or papers relating to the immoveable property of the estate or to any other property of the estate which the Manager has reason to believe are in such person' s possession or control; and may order all holders of tenures or under-
tenures on any such property to produce their titles to such tenures or undertenures.
Any person who refuses to comply with an order under sub-
section (1) may be punished by the Collector of Murshidabad with fine not exceeding five hundred rupees:
Provided that an appeal shall lie to the Board of Revenue against any order of fine passed by the Collector under sub- section (2).
19. Powers of Manager for realisation of rents, etc.
Manager shall have, for the purpose of realising and recovering the rents, issues and profits of the immoveable properties of the estate,
the same powers as the Nawab Bahadur would have had for such purpose had the State Government] not entered into the said properties, and all arrears of rent and all demands recoverable as rent, and all interest due on such arrears or demands shall together with all costs incurred for realising the same be recoverable as public demands.
If such properties or any part thereof be in the possession of any mortgagee or conditional vendee, the Manager may apply to the
Collector within whose jurisdiction the property is situated, and the
Collector shall cause the same to be delivered to the Manager as if a decree therefor had been made in his favour, but without prejudice
to the mortgagee or vendee preferring his claim under the provisions elsewhere contained in this Act.
If such properties or any part thereof be in possession of a
Receiver appointed by a Court, the Manager may apply to the Court, and the Court shall cause the same to be delivered to the Manager together with any receipts which may be in the hands of the Receiver or the
Court at the time of the application.
20. Powers to lease. The Manager may, subject to the prescribed conditions, make settlement of all or any of the immoveable properties of the estate and may for this purpose execute any lease or counterpart of a lease:
Provided that, unless the settlement is of a kind authorised by rule made under section 28, its terms and conditions shall have been previously approved by the State Government.
21. Power of Manager to contract and take action for the benefit of the estate. The Manager may enter into any contract or take any action which in his opinion is necessary for the proper care and management of the immoveable properties of the estate and of the rents, issues and profits thereof or for the maintenance of the position and dignity of the Nawab Bahadur and which is not inconsistent with any provision of this Act or with any rule made under section 28:
Provided that if he is not empowered by any other provision of this Act or by any rule made under section 28 to enter on such con-
tract or to take such action he shall obtain the previous sanction of the Board of Revenue before entering upon the contract or taking the action.
22. Powers of supervision and control.
All orders or proceedings of the Manager in the exercise of his functions under this
Act shall be subject to the supervision and control of the Board of
All orders or proceedings of the Board of Revenue under this
Act shall be subject to the supervision and control of the State Gov-
The supervising authority in each case may of its own motion review and if it thinks fit revise, modify or reverse any order of proceeding.
23. Manager to be deemed a public servant. The Manager shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the
Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).
24. Recovery of fines. Any fine imposed under this Act shall be recoverable as a public demand.
25. Bar of suits, etc., against certain persons. No suit or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person in respect of anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.
26. Power of State Government to make orders. If at the time of the withdrawal of the State Government] from entry upon the immoveable properties of the estate, any difficulty arises in connection with the restoration to the Nawab Bahadur or to his successor of the properties and rights possessed and exercised by the State Government], the
State Government may by order authorise the doing of any matter or thing which appears to it necessary to facilitate such restoration.
27. Effect of withdrawal from entry by State Government.
Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this or any other Act,
the withdrawal by the State Government] from entry upon the immoveable properties of the estate shall not have the effect of reviving any of the proceedings referred to in clause first of section
4. if the debt or liability in respect of which such proceedings were instituted is barred under section 10.
Nothing in section 4 shall bar the revival after such withdrawal of any other of the proceedings referred to in the said clause:
Provided that no Court shall entertain any suit or proceeding against the Nawab Bahadur in which the amount claimed is in excess of the amount determined under section 11, 13 or 22, as the case may be,
together with any further interest due thereon, or in which interest is claimed at a rate higher than the rate determined as just and proper under those sections.
28. Power to make rules.
The Board of Revenue may, with the previous sanction of the State Government make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect all or any of the provisions of this Act.
In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, such rules may provide for all or any of the follow-
ing matters, namely:-
the security to be required from subordinate officers under Act;
the procedure to be followed by the Manager in the discharge of his functions under this Act, the accounts which shall be kept by him, and the manner in which such accounts shall be audited;
the terms, conditions and limitations under which leases may be granted;
the notices to be given under this Act and the manner of publication of such notices;
the procedure to be followed by claimants in presenting claims, and by the Manager in the investigation of such claims;
the procedure to be followed in determining under section 11 the debts and liabilities due to creditors and other persons;
the allowance of interest on the principal of each of the debts and liabilities as determined under section
11. from the date on which it was incurred to the date of the determination and on the aggregate amount of such debts and liabilities from the date of the determination to the date of payment;
the preparation of the schedule of debts and liabilities and of the scheme referred to in section 14 and the order of payment of such debts and liabilities;
the powers of the Manager to make or sanction settlements; and
the procedure to be followed in appeals under this