The Cigarettes And Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition Of Advertisement And Regulation Of Trade And Commerce, Production, Supply And Distribution) Act, 2003

What does this law do?

The Act bans advertisement of cigarette and tobacco products. It creates rules for smokers, for tobacco distributors and tobacco manufacturers. It describes the type of health warning that must be there in every cigarette packet.

What are the crimes under this Act?

What are the punishments?

  • For smoking in a public place – Rs. 200 maximum fine.

  • For selling tobacco to people under 18 – Rs. 200 maximum fine.
  • For advertising tobacco against the rules –
    • The first time – jail up to 2 years and/or fine upto Rs. 1000
    • After the first time – jail up to 5 years and fine upto Rs. 5000
Updated till Jan, 2017
The Cigarettes And Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition Of Advertisement And Regulation Of Trade And Commerce, Production, Supply And Distribution) Act, 2003 ACT NO. 34 OF 2003 [18th May, 2003.] An Act to prohibit the advertisement of, and to provide for the regulation of trade and commerce in, and production, supply and distribution of, cigarettes and other tobacco products and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. WHEREAS, the Resolution passed by the 39th World Health Assembly (WHO), in its Fourteenth Plenary meeting held on the 15th May, 1986 urged the member States of WHO which have not yet done so to implement the measures to ensure that effective protection is provided to non-smokers from involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke and to protect children and young people from being addicted to the use of tobacco; AND WHEREAS, the 43rd World Health Assembly in its Fourteenth Plenary meeting held on the 17th May, 1990, reiterated the concerns expressed in the Resolution passed in the 39th World Health Assembly and urged Member States to consider in their tobacco control strategies plans for legislation and other effective measures for protecting their citizens with special attention to risk groups such as pregnant women and children from involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke, discourage the use of tobacco and impose progressive restrictions and take concerted action to eventually eliminate all direct and indirect advertising, promotion and sponsorship concerning tobacco; AND WHEREAS, it is considered expedient to enact a comprehensive law on tobacco in the public interest and to protect the public health; AND WHEREAS, it is expedient to prohibit the consumption of cigarettes and other tobacco products which are injurious to health with a view to achieving improvement of public health in general as enjoined by article 47 of the Constitution; AND WHEREAS, it is expedient to prohibit the advertisement of, and to provide for regulation of trade and commerce, production, supply and distribution of, cigarettes and other tobacco products and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto:
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:–

1. Short title, extent and commencement.–

(1) This Act may be called the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 2003.
(2) It extends to the whole of India.
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act.

2. Declaration as to expediency of control by the Union–

It is hereby declared that it is expedient in the public interest that the Union should take under its control the tobacco industry.

3. Definitions.–

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,– (a) "advertisement" includes any visible representation by way of notice, circular, label, wrapper or other document and also includes any announcement made orally or by any means of producing or transmitting light, sound, smoke or gas; (b) "cigarette" includes,– (i) any roll of tobacco wrapped in paper or in any other substance not containing tobacco, (ii) any roll of tobacco wrapped in any substance containing tobacco, which, by reason of its appearance, the type of tobacco used in the filter, or its packaging and labelling is likely to be offered to, or purchased by, consumers as cigarette, but does not include beedi, cheroot and cigar; (c) "distribution" includes distribution by way of samples, whether free or otherwise; (d) "export", with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means taking out of India to a place outside India; (e) "foreign language" means a language which is neither an Indian language nor the English language; (f) "import", with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means bringing into India from a place outside India; (g) "Indian language" means a language specified in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution, and includes any dialect of such language; (h) "label" means any written, marked, stamped, printed or graphic matter, affixed to, or appearing upon, any package; (i) "package" includes a wrapper, box, carton, tin or other container; (j) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (k) "production", with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, includes the making of cigarettes, cigars, cheroots, beedis, cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco, hookah tobacco, chewing tobacco, pan masala or any chewing material having tobacco as one of its ingredients (by whatever name called) or snuff and shall include– (i) packing, labelling or re-labelling, of containers; (ii) re-packing from bulk packages to retail packages; and (iii) the adoption of any other method to render the tobacco product marketable; (l) "public place" means any place to which the public have access, whether as of right or not, and includes auditorium, hospital buildings, railway waiting room, amusement centres, restaurants, public offices, court buildings, educational institutions, libraries, public conveyances and the like which are visited by general public but does not include any open space; (m) "sale", with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means any transfer of property in goods by one person to another, whether for cash or on credit, or by way of exchange, and whether wholesale or retail, and includes an agreement for sale, and offer for sale and exposure for sale; (n) "smoking", means smoking of tobacco in any form whether in the form of cigarette, cigar, beedis or otherwise with the aid of a pipe, wrapper or any other instruments; (o) "specified warning" means such warnings against the use of cigarettes or other tobacco products to be printed, painted or inscribed on packages of cigarettes or other tobacco products in such form and manner as may be prescribed by rules made under this Act; (p) "tobacco products" means the products specified in the Schedule.

What is an advertisement?

An advertisement under this law is very broad. It is not only the typical types, but also:
  • A Notice
  • A Circular
  • A Label
  • A Wrapper
  • Any Announcements

What is a cigarette?

Anything covering a roll of tobacco. It does not matter if the covering contains tobacco or not.As long as people a roll of tobacco calling it a cigarette, it will be considered a cigarette.

What is not a cigarette?

  • Beedi, cheerot and cigar

What is production?

When the Act uses the word production, it includes:
  • Making cigarettes, cigars, cheroots, beedis
  • Making any form of cigarette, pipe and hookah tobacco
  • Making any chewing items containing tobacco
  • Packing containers containing the above items
  • Repacking bigger packages for sale
  • Creating the tobacco material for the market by any means
Example: Raju receives money for rolling Tobacco in paper into "Perfect Rolls". Raju produces cigarettes.

What are public places under the Act?

A public place is any place that can be visited by the public except open spaces:Example: A regular park is not a public place.

What is a sale?

A sale means a transaction where:
  • Any property is transferred from one person to another person
  • Either in exchange for cash, or for another thing, or on credit
It also includes
Act Example
An agreement for sale
Raju and Ramu agree that Raju will sell Ramu 100 cigarettes in January 2017. This is an agreement for sale.
Offering to sell
Raju offers to sell Ramu 100 cigarettes at a price of Rs. 200 in January 2017. This is an offer to sell.
Exposing a product for sale Raju owns a shop which sells vegetables and fruits. Raju also sells cigarettes. Raju exposes cigarettes for sale.
Smoking tobacco through a pipe is also smoking

What is a specified warning?

  • A specified warning is a warning against the use of cigarettes or tobacco products.
  • It is to be printed, painted or shown on packages of cigarettes or any other tobacco products.

What is a tobacco product?

  • Cigarettes
  • Cigars
  • Cheroots
  • Beedis
  • Cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco, hookah tobacco
  • Chewing tobacco
  • Snuff
  • Pan masala, or any chewable item containing tobacco
  • Gutka
  • Tooth powder containing tobacco

4. Prohibition of smoking in a public place.–

No person shall smoke in any public place: Provided that in a hotel having thirty rooms or a restaurant having seating capacity of thirty persons or more and in the airports, a separate provision for smoking area or space may be made.

Is smoking in public places allowed under this Act?

You must not smoke in a public buildings like a restaurant, theatre or public transport. Completely open spaces like roads or parks are OK. However it is still illegal to smoke in places like bus stops, railway stations or open auditoriumsUnder the Rules created under this Act, the owner of a public place must display a warning board at the entrance of the public place and inside. The board must be a minimum of 60 cm by 30 cm.

Is smoking allowed in designated smoking areas?

Yes, you can smoke in designated smoking areas. Under this law, hotels (with more than 30 rooms), airports, or restaurants (which can seat more than 30 people) can create a separate smoking area where smokers can smoke.

5. Prohibition of advertisement of cigarettes and other tobacco products.–

(1) No person engaged in, or purported to be engaged in the production, supply or distribution of cigarettes or any other tobacco products shall advertise and no person having control over a medium shall cause to be advertised cigarettes or any other tobacco products through that medium and no person shall take part in any advertisement which directly or indirectly suggests or promotes the use or consumption of cigarettes or any other tobacco products.
(2) No person, for any direct or indirect pecuniary benefit, shall– (a) display, cause to display, or permit or authorise to display any advertisement of cigarettes or any other tobacco product; or (b) sell or cause to sell, or permit or authorise to sell a film or video tape containing advertisement of cigarettes or any other tobacco product; or (c) distribute, cause to distribute, or permit or authorise to distribute to the public any leaflet, hand-bill or document which is or which contains an advertisement of cigarettes or any other tobacco product; or (d) erect, exhibit, fix or retain upon or over any land, building, wall, hoarding, frame, post or structure or upon or in any vehicle or shall display in any manner whatsoever in any place any advertisement of cigarettes or any other tobacco product: Provided that this sub-section shall not apply in relation to– (a) an advertisement of cigarettes or any other tobacco product in or on a package containing cigarettes or any other tobacco product; (b) advertisement of cigarettes or any other tobacco product which is displayed at the entrance or inside a warehouse or a shop where cigarettes and any other tobacco products are offered for distribution or sale.
(3) No person, shall, under a contract or otherwise promote or agree to promote the use or consumption of– (a) cigarettes or any other tobacco product; or (b) any trade mark or brand name of cigarettes or any other tobacco product in exchange for a sponsorship, gift, prize or scholarship given or agreed to be given by another person.

Are you allowed to advertise cigarettes and tobacco products?

You must not advertise cigarettes or other tobacco products, even if you are offered money to do so. This also means that you must not advertise the brand name of companies selling cigarettes and tobacco products for sponsorship.Where tobacco products are sold, a warning board containing 'Tobacco Causes Cancer' or 'Tobacco Kills' must be displayed. No brand promotion is allowed on such board.This does not apply if the advertisement is on:
  • The package selling tobacco or cigarettes
  • The shop where tobacco or cigarettes are available.

6. Prohibition on sale of cigarette or other tobacco products to a person below the age of eighteen years and in particular area.–

No person shall sell, offer for sale, or permit sale of, cigarette or any other tobacco product– (a) to any person who is under eighteen years of age, and (b) in an area within a radius of one hundred yards of any educational institution.

Am I allowed to sell cigarettes to young students?

No, you are not allowed to sell cigarettes or tobacco products to people under 18 .

Am I allowed to sell cigarettes near a college?

No, you must not sell cigarettes or tobacco products within 100 yards of any educational institution. The gate of the educational institution must have a warning board stating that no sale is allowed within 100 yards.

7. Restrictions on trade and commerce in, and production, supply and distribution of cigarettes and other tobacco products.–

(1) No person shall, directly or indirectly, produce, supply or distribute cigarettes or any other tobacco products unless every package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products produced, supplied or distributed by him bears thereon, or on its label such specified warning including a pictorial warning as may be prescribed.
(2) No person shall carry on trade or commerce in cigarettes or any other tobacco products unless every package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products sold, supplied or distributed by him bears thereon, or on its label, the specified warning.
(3) No person shall import cigarettes or any other tobacco products for distribution or supply for a valuable consideration or for sale in India unless every package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products so imported by him bears thereon, or on its label, the specified warning.
(4) The specified warning shall appear on not less than one of the largest panels of the package in which cigarettes or any other tobacco products have been packed for distribution, sale or supply for a valuable consideration.
(5) No person shall, directly or indirectly, produce, supply or distribute cigarettes or any other tobacco products unless every package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products produced, supplied or distributed by him indicates thereon, or on its label, the nicotine and tar contents on each cigarette or as the case may be on other tobacco products along with the maximum permissible limits thereof: Provided that the nicotine and tar contents shall not exceed the maximum permissible quantity thereof as may be prescribed by rules made under this Act.

Are there guidelines for warning labels?

Yes. All cigarette and tobacco products must:
  • Have a warning on their label, which may include a photographic warning. The details of the size of warnings in the labels are found in the rules, which are summarised here.
  • This warning must be on the biggest side of the package
  • The nicotine and tar contents of the product is visible on the package
  • The maximum limit of nicotine and tar allowed is visible on the package
The nicotine and tar amount in the tobacco must not exceed the allowed amount.

8. Manner in which specified warning shall be made.–

(1) The specified warning on a package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products shall be– (a) legible and prominent; (b) conspicuous as to size and colour; (c) in such style or type of lettering as to be boldly and clearly presented in distinct contrast to any other type, lettering or graphic material used on the package or its label and shall be printed, painted or inscribed on the package in a colour which contrasts conspicuously with the background of the package or its labels.
(2) The manner in which a specified warning shall be printed, painted or inscribed on a package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products shall be such as may be specified in the rules made under this Act.
(3) Every package containing cigarettes or any other tobacco products shall be so packed as to ensure that the specified warning appearing thereon, or on its label, is, before the package is opened, visible to the consumer.
The warning on the tobacco product should be:
  • Readable and clear
  • Bold and visible

9. Language in which the specified warning shall be expressed.–

(1) Where the language used on a package containing cigarettes and any other tobacco products or on its label is– (a) English, the specified warning shall be expressed in the English language; (b) any Indian language or languages, the specified warning shall be expressed in such Indian language or languages; (c) both English and one or more Indian languages, the specified warning shall be expressed in the English language as well as in such Indian language or languages; (d) partly English and partly any Indian language or languages, the specified warning shall be expressed in the English language as well as in such Indian language or languages; (e) any foreign language, the specified warning shall be expressed in the English language; (f) partly any foreign language and partly English or any Indian language or languages, the specified warning shall be expressed in the English language as well as in such Indian language or languages.
(2) No package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products or its label shall contain any matter or statement which is inconsistent with, or detracts from, the specified warning.

What language must the warning be in?

The warning on the package must be in all the languages used on the packaging.Where a foreign language is used on the package, the warning must be in English.

10. Size of letters and figures.–

No specified warning or indication of nicotine and tar contents in cigarettes and any other tobacco products shall be deemed to be in accordance with the provisions of this Act if the height of each letter or figure, or both the used on such warning and indication is less than the height as may be prescribed by rules made under this Act.
The details of the size of warnings in the labels are found in the rules, which are summarised here.

11. Testing laboratory for nicotine and tar contents.–

For purposes of testing the nicotine and tar contents in cigarettes and any other tobacco products the Central Government shall by notification in the Official Gazette grant recognition to such testing laboratory as that Government may deem necessary.
The Central Government is allowed to approve certain laboratories to test the nicotine and tar content in cigarettes.

    12. Power of entry and search.–

    (1) Any police officer, not below the rank of a sub-inspector or any officer of State Food or Drug Administration or any other officer, holding the equivalent rank being not below the rank of Sub-Inspector of Police, authorise side by the Central Government or by the State Government may, if he has any reason to suspect that any provision of this Act has been, or is being, contravened, enter and search in the manner prescribed, at any reasonable time, any factory, building, business premises or any other place,– (a) where any trade or commerce in cigarettes or any other tobacco products is carried on or cigarettes or any other tobacco products are produced, supplied or distributed; or (b) where any advertisement of the cigarettes or any other tobacco products has been or is being made.
    (2) The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), shall apply to every search and seizure made under this Act.

    Can officers enter and search my premises?

    Any police officer, or officer of State Food & Drug Administration or any officer authorised by the Central Government who is above the Sub-Inspector Rank may enter and search the premises of any location where:
    • Advertisement of cigarettes & tobacco products takes place
    • Trade of cigarettes & tobacco products is carried out

    13. Power to seize.–

    (1) If any police officer, not below the rank of a sub-inspector or any officer of State Food or Drug Administration or any other officer, holding the equivalent rank being not below the rank of Sub-Inspector of Police, authorised by the Central Government or by the State Government, has any reason to believe that,– (a) in respect of any package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products, or (b) in respect of any advertisement of cigarettes or any other tobacco products, the provisions of this Act have been, or are being, contravened, he may seize such package or advertisement material in the manner prescribed.
    (2) No package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products or advertisement material seized under clause (a) of sub-section (1) shall be retained by the officer who seized the package or advertisement material for a period exceeding ninety days from the date of the seizure unless the approval of the District Judge, within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such seizure was made, has been obtained for such retention.

    When can police officers seize cigarette or tobacco products?

    • When he believes that provisions of the Act are violated
    • But he may not hold the cigarettes for more than 90 days without approval of the District Judge

    14. Confiscation of package.–

    Any package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products or any advertisement material of cigarettes or any other tobacco products, in respect of which any provision of this Act has been or is being contravened, shall be liable to be confiscated: Provided that, where it is established to the satisfaction of the court adjudging the confiscation that the person in whose possession, power or control any such package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products is found is not responsible for the contravention of the provisions of this Act, the Court may, instead of making an order for the confiscation of such package, make such other order authorised by this Act against the person guilty of the breach of the provisions of this Act as it may think fit.

    Can the Court order confiscation of packages?

    Yes. Instead of the confiscation, the Court may allow you to pay the costs of the good seized.The Officers will then return the seized packages to you.The Court can order confiscation of packages or ask you to pay costs without any limit to the cost, unless the Central Government notifies a limit.

    15. Power to give option to pay costs in lieu of confiscation.–

    (1) Whenever any confiscation of any package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products is authorised by this Act, the court adjudging it may, subject to such conditions as may be specified in the order adjudging the confiscation, give to the owner thereof an option to pay, in lieu of confiscation, costs which shall be equal to the value of the goods confiscated.
    (2) On payment of the costs ordered by the court, the seized packages shall be returned to the person from whom they were seized on condition that such person shall, before making any distribution, sale or supply of such packages of cigarettes or other tobacco products, get the specified warning and indication of nicotine and tar contents incorporated on each such package.

    16. Confiscation not to interfere with other punishments.–

    No confiscation made, costs ordered to be paid under this Act shall prevent the infliction of any punishment to which the person affected thereby is liable under the provisions of this Act or under any other law.

    17. Adjudication.–

    Any confiscation of cigarettes or any other tobacco products may be adjudged or costs may be ordered to be paid,– (a) without any limit, by the principal civil court of original jurisdiction within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such confiscation has been made, costs have been ordered to be paid, (b) subject to such limits as may be specified by the Central Government in this behalf, by such other court, not below a civil court having pecuniary jurisdiction exceeding rupees five thousand, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, authorise in this behalf.

    18. Giving opportunity to the owner of seized packages.–

    (1) No order adjudging confiscation or directing payment of costs shall be made unless the owner or person in possession of the package of cigarettes or any other tobacco products has been given a notice in writing informing him of the grounds on which it is proposed to confiscate such package, and giving him a reasonable opportunity of making a representation in writing, within such reasonable time as may be specified in the notice, against the confiscation mentioned therein, and, if he so desires, of being heard personally or through a representative in the matter: Provided that, where no such notice is given within a period of ninety days from the date of the seizure of the package of cigarettes or of any other tobacco products, such package shall be returned, after the expiry of that period, to the owner or the person from whose possession it was seized.
    (2) Save as otherwise provided in sub-section (1), the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), shall, as far as may be, apply to every proceeding referred to in sub-section (1).
    You must be given notice before such an Order is made.

    19. Appeal.–

    (1) Any person, aggrieved by any decision of the court adjudging a confiscation, ordering the payment of costs, may prefer an appeal to the court to which an appeal lies from the decision of such court.
    (2) The appellate court may, after giving to the appellant an opportunity of being heard, pass such order as it thinks fit confirming, modifying or reversing the decision or order appealed against or may send back the case with such directions as it may think fit for a fresh decision or adjudication, as the case may be, after taking additional evidence, if necessary: Provided that an order enhancing any fine in lieu of confiscation or confiscating of goods of greater value shall not be made under this section unless the appellant has had an opportunity of making a representation and, if he so desires, of being heard in person or through a representative in his defence.
    (3) No further appeal shall lie against the order of the court of appeal.

    Can I appeal from any Court decision?

    If the Court decides on confiscation or costs, you can appeal such decision.Additional evidence may be taken when the Appeal is heard.When an Appeal is made, the fine amount cannot be increased unless you have been heard in person or by a representative.You can only appeal once.

    20. Punishment for failure to give specified warning and nicotine and tar contents.–

    (1) Any person who produces or manufactures cigarettes or tobacco products, which do not contain, either on the package or on their label, the specified warning and the nicotine and tar contents, shall in the case of first conviction be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, or with both, and for the second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years and with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees.
    (2) Any person who sells or distributes cigarettes or tobacco products which do not contain either on the package or on their label, the specified warning and the nicotine and tar contents shall in the case of first conviction be punishable with imprisonment for a term, which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both, and, for the second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years and with fine which may extend to three thousand rupees.

    Can I go to jail if I make cigarette packets without the warnings?

    If you produce the products, then you can go to jail for upto 2 years or will have to pay fine of 5000 Rupees.When caught a second time, you can go to jail for 5 years or will have to pay fine of 10000 Rupees.

    Can I go to jail if I sell products without the warning?

    Yes. The first time, for upto 1 year, or you may have to pay fine upto 1000 Rupees. When caught a second time, you may go to jail for 2 years, or will pay fine upto 3000 Rupees.

    21. Punishment for smoking in certain places.–

    (1) Whoever contravenes the provisions of section 4 shall be punishable with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees.
    (2) An offence under this section shall be compoundable and shall be tried summarily in accordance with the procedure provided for summary trials in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).

    What happens if you smoke in a public place?

    You will be punished with a maximum fine of Rs. 200

    22. Punishment for advertisement of cigarettes and tobacco products.–

    Whoever contravenes the provision of section 5 shall, on conviction, be punishable– (a) in the case of first conviction, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees or with both, and (b) in the case of second or subsequent conviction with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years and with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees.

    What happens if you advertise cigarettes & tobacco products?

    • The first time you are caught, you will be imprisoned upto 2 years and/or will pay fine upto Rs. 1000
    • After the first time, you will be imprisoned upto 5 years and will pay fine upto Rs. 5000

    23. Forfeiture of advertisement and advertisement material.–

    Where any person has been convicted under this Act for the contravention of the provision of section 5, the advertisement and the advertisement material for cigarettes and other tobacco products may be forfeited to the Government and such advertisement and advertisement material shall be disposed of in such manner as may be prescribed by rules made under this Act.

    24. Punishment for sale of cigarettes or any other tobacco products in certain places or to persons below the age of eighteen years.–

    (1) Any person who contravenes the provisions of section 6 shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be punishable with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees.
    (2) All offences under this section shall be compoundable and shall be tried summarily in accordance with the procedure provided for summary trials in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).

    What happens if you sell cigarettes to people below 18 years of age?

    You will be punished with fine upto Rs. 200

    25. Prevention, detention and place of trial of offences under sections 4 and 6.–

    (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the Central Government or the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, authorise one or more persons who shall be competent to act under this Act: Provided that the person so authorised may, if he has reasonable ground for believing that any person has committed an offence under section 4 or section 6, may detain such person unless the accused person furnishes his name and address, and otherwise satisfies the officer detaining him that he will duly answer any summons or other proceedings which may be taken against him.
    (2) Any person detained under sub-section (1) shall forthwith be taken before Magistrate to be dealt with according to law.
    (3) Any person committing an offence under section 4 or section 6 shall be triable for such offence in any place in which he may be or which the State Government may notify in this behalf, as well as in any other place in which he is liable to be tried under any law for the time being in force.
    (4) Every notification issued under sub-sections (1) and (3) shall be published in the Official Gazette, and a copy thereof shall be exhibited for information to the public in some conspicuous place or places as the State Government may direct.
    (5) Every person authorised under sub-section (1) shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

    Can a police officer detain me for smoking in a public place (Section 4)?

    Yes.

    Can a police officer detain me for selling tobacco products to young students (Section 6)?

    Yes. You may also be taken to the Magistrate post-detention.

    26. Offences by companies.–

    (1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who, at the time the offence was committed, was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly: Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment, if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.
    (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where any offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall be proceeded against and punished accordingly. Explanation.– For the purposes of this section,– (a) "company" means a body corporate and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and (b) "director", in relation to a firm, means a partner in the firm.

    Can a company be punished in connection with an offence under this Act?

    Yes, actions like advertising tobacco products can be committed by companies. The company will directly be prosecuted.In addition, the people in charge can be prosecuted. Such people will have to prove that they did not know about the illegal actions committed by the company.If any officer of the company was directly involved, they can be prosecuted as individuals as well.

    27. Offences to be bailable.–

    Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), an offence punishable under this Act shall be bailable.
    If you are able to provide the bond amount, the police have to grant you bail.

    28. Composition of offences.–

    (1) Any offence committed under section 4 or section 6 may either before or after the institution of the prosecution be compounded by such officer authorised by Central Government or State Government and for an amount which may not exceed two hundred rupees.
    (2) Where an offence has been compounded under sub-section (1), the offender, if in custody, shall be discharged and no further proceedings shall be taken against him in respect of such offence.

    29. Protection of action taken in good faith.–

    No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Central Government or any State Government or any officer of the Central Government or any State Government for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.

    30. Power to add any tobacco products in the Schedule.–

    The Central Government, after giving by notification in the Official Gazette, not less than three months' notice of its intention so to do, may, by like notification, add any other tobacco product in respect of which it is of opinion that advertisements are to be prohibited and its production, supply and distribution is required to be regulated under this Act, and thereupon the Schedule shall in its application to such products be deemed to be amended accordingly.
    The Central Government can add other tobacco products to be covered by this Act.

    31. Power of Central Government to make rules.–

    (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the provisions of this Act.
    (2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:– (a) specify the form and manner in which warning shall be given in respect of cigarettes or other tobacco products under clause (o) of section 3; (b) specify the maximum permissible nicotine and tar contents in cigarettes or other tobacco products under the proviso to sub-section (5) of section 7; (c) specify the manner in which the specified warning shall be inscribed on each package of cigarettes or other tobacco products or its label under sub-section (2) of section 8; (d) specify the height of the letter or figure or both to be used in specified warning or to indicate the nicotine and tar contents in cigarettes or other tobacco products under section 10; (e) provide for the manner in which entry into and search of any premises is to be conducted and the manner in which the seizure of any package of cigarettes or other tobacco products shall be made and the manner in which seizure list shall be prepared and delivered to the person from whose custody any package of cigarettes or other tobacco products has been seized; (f) provide for any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.
    (3) Every rule made under this Act and every notification made under section 30 shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or notification or both Houses agree that the rule or notification should not be made, the rule or notification shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or notification.

    32. Act not to apply to cigarettes of other tobacco products which are exported.–

    Nothing contained in this Act shall apply to any cigarette or other tobacco products or package of cigarettes or other tobacco products which is exported: Provided that nothing in this section shall be deemed to authorise the export of any package of cigarettes or other tobacco products, not containing the specified warning and indication of nicotine and tar contents to any country if the law in force in that country requires that the same or similar warning and nicotine and tar contents shall be specified on each package of cigarettes or other tobacco products. Explanation.– For the purpose of this section, any cigarette or other tobacco products or package of cigarettes or other tobacco products shall be deemed to be exported before the commencement of this Act, if the necessary steps for export have already been taken notwithstanding that the actual export has not taken place.
    Nothing in this Act applies to cigarette and tobacco products which are exported. However, all exported products must comply with requirements of the foreign country.

    33. Repeal and savings.–

    (1) The Cigarettes (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 1975 (49 of 1975), is hereby repealed.
    (2) Notwithstanding such repeal, anything done or any action taken under the provisions of the aforesaid Act, shall, in so far as such thing or action is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been done or taken under the provisions of this Act as if the said provisions were in force when such thing was done or such action was taken and shall continue in force accordingly until superseded by anything done or any action taken under this Act.

    THE SCHEDULE

    [See section 3(p)]
    (1) Cigarettes
    (2) Cigars
    (3) Cheroots
    (4) Beedis
    (5) Cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco and hookah tobacco
    (6) Chewing tobacco
    (7) Snuff
    (8) Pan masala or any chewing material having tobacco as one of its ingredients (by whatever name called).
    (9) Gutka
    (10) Tooth powder containing tobacco.