If an offender fails to comply with a final or temporary protection order, they can be:
- sent to jail for up to one year
- ordered to pay fine of up to Rs. 20,000 or
- sent to jail and ordered to pay fine.
If the victim initiated criminal proceedings under S. 498A of the Indian Penal Code and the offender is found guilty, they can face jail for up to three years.
As far as possible, the Magistrate deciding if the offender goes to jail must be the Magistrate who heard the victim's case of domestic violence. When the Magistrate is deciding if the offender goes to jail, she can also charge the offender with committing crimes of cruelty or taking dowry.
Further, this crime is cognizable and non-bailable. That is, an offender who violates a protection order can be arrested by the police officer without permission of the Magistrate and will need to approach a court to get bail, which they may or may not grant.